Nose rings make handling bulls easier.
Nose rings are used by some bulls to make them easier to handle. An adult bull can be an extremely dangerous animal that poses a serious threat to its keepers, and wearing a nose ring increases the level of control over the bull, making it safer to be around. In fact, ranchers boast that a child can safely lead a bull with a nose ring, although field testing of this claim is not recommended. Rings can also be used on other cattle, especially in the ring.
The classic nose ring used on bulls is hinged for easy opening, insertion and locking. It is installed when the animal is about eight months old, usually by a veterinarian who applies local anesthetic to the nose before making a hole and then threading the ring and closing it. Nose tissue is very sensitive, so a light tap on the ring can be a powerful cue to the bull wearing it.
For safety, the electrodes are usually attached to the ring and a halter, providing two methods of control. Two handles can be used for added security. When a bull is led by the nose, it tends to follow it and is generally not inclined to attack its handlers. If a bull starts to act, a strong tug will be used to remind him that humans are in charge.
In addition to wearing permanent nose rings, bulls can also be controlled with bull or bulldog tongs, a clip-on shape used for temporary handling. These styles are also used to handle general cattle to the ring, allowing handlers more control without the need to install and maintain a permanent ring. Specialized weaning rings are also sometimes used to aid in the weaning process on farms where calves and their mothers are not separated.
Nose rings are normally installed by a veterinarian for safety reasons and for the bull’s health. The process involves creating a deep puncture wound in sensitive tissue and it is important that the ring placement is correct. The anesthetic also helps keep the bull more comfortable while the ring is installed. The vet may need to return to check the fit and replace the ring if necessary. Multiple handles are also required for placement of a ring, along with very robust restraints to hold the animal in place.