What is wine?

From the Latin vinum, wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes. The process involves the alcoholic fermentation of the juice or must through the metabolic action of the yeasts.

Vine cultivation occupies about 0.5% of the world’s arable land. Of the total harvested grapes, 66% is destined for wine production, while the rest is consumed as fruit. The science of winemaking is known as oenology. Its specialists are winemakers, who are dedicated to ensuring that the wine reaches the ideal conditions of taste, color, aroma, etc. However, there are many other professions related to the wine world. Thus, we would have to speak, for example, of the cooper, who is in charge of creating the barrels where the said drink is aged, or of the sommelier. It is the professional who works in restaurants and whose function is to recommend the best wines to customers.

Historians believe that winemaking began to develop in the Neolithic, according to archaeological remains found in the Zagros Mountains. Gradually, wine consumption expanded westward. Almost from its origins, wine has enjoyed a high social status, being the drink of choice for banquets and important events. Pressing, fermentation, maturation and bottling are the four fundamental stages that configure the process of elaboration and production of any wine. This is a product that can be used in different areas and with different functions. Thus, for example, we know that it is used in the field of gastronomy for the preparation of exquisite dishes or simply as a drink and in the field of medicine as a traditional remedy for pain relief or as a treatment against stress using the known technique. like wine therapy. It is in France that the aforementioned vinotherapy was born, which is based on exfoliation of the skin to eliminate dead cells, as well as on massage and involvement where wine becomes the main tool to achieve relaxation for the person who undergoes it. . . The variety of wines is large, with no official classification. The attributes that make it possible to classify the wine are very varied and include its origin, its color, its residual sugar content and other factors. Perhaps the most common classification is the one linked to color. In this sense, we can speak of red wine, white wine or rosé wine. It is known as fortified wine, on the other hand, to the drink to which brandy is added before or during fermentation. Port, marsala and sherry are examples of fortified wines. Wine has become a world so full of traditions with a culture of its own that cinema could not resist penetrating it. Thus, we find films that approach the making of this drink, such as A Walk in the Clouds or A Good Year .

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