What is Vulcan?

Vulcan is the name of the god of fire in Roman mythology. The Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), in its dictionary, includes the adjective vulcan to refer to that which is linked to this deity or to fire.

Before proceeding, it must be remembered that fire is a phenomenon characterized by the emission of light and heat, usually with a flame. In the case of Vulcan, he was associated with this phenomenon and the production of metals, and was considered the patron of those trades that required the use of furnaces. A Vulcan, whose origins are unclear, paid homage to the Volcanal. Thus became known a sanctuary that existed in the Roman Forum.

Every August 23, on Vulcanal, vulcanalias, also called vulcanales, were celebrated: festivities dedicated to Vulcan. The date coincided with the highest temperatures, with which crops were at risk of fire. The homage to Vulcan during the Vulcanalias included the lighting of bonfires where animals were sacrificed. In addition, torches and candles were lit. Vulcan, on the other hand, is called an island that is part of the Aeolian archipelago. It is located in the Italian region of Sicily and has several volcanoes, including one also called Vulcano. The Vulcano volcano, which is active, has an altitude of just over 500 meters. The last time it erupted was in 1888. Vulcan, in short, was the name of a supposed planet that, according to the Frenchman Urbain Le Verrier (1811 – 1877), was between Mercury and the sun. Over time, this astronomer’s belief proved to be wrong.

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