What is Vanguard?

The original meaning of vanguard refers to the part of an armed force that goes in front of the main body. The vanguard is formed by the front lines of the combat formation.

The concept can be extended to name the outpost of an artistic, political or ideological movement. In this sense, the avant-garde is something new that escapes the dominant trend and that can lay the foundations for future development. The avant-garde presupposes a renewal of forms and contents. In the case of art, for example, it tries to reinvent its foundations and confront existing movements. At first, the avant-garde is a minority and tends to generate rejection in traditionalist circles. Over time, however, he can become part of the system (losing his vanguard status as a consequence).

Although the vanguards have very different characteristics, they are similar in their fight against traditions, in their commitment to innovation, in the exercise of individual freedom and in their experimental character. La Vanguardia is a morning newspaper with general information published in the city of Barcelona (Spain). Its first edition was published in 1881, which makes it one of the oldest newspapers in the country. Grupo Godó, linked to the newspaper’s origins, is the current owner of La Vanguardia. Its president and editor-in-chief is Javier Godó, born in 1941. On the political level, La Vanguardia is located in centrism. It is a liberal and Catalan newspaper. The artistic avant-gardes Between 1914 and 1939 there was an evolution in the way of thinking, both in art and in politics, and the artistic avant-gardes represented movements that changed people’s vision and reality, leaving behind attention to detail., In pursuit of greater creative freedom, using abstract imagery and giving color unprecedented importance. Some of the most significant movements were: * Futurism: originated by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, through the publication of a manifesto that invited the search for a modern order, leaving behind the past and the tradition. World War I played an important role in the end of Futurism, as many of its representatives died on the battlefield. Ironically, many thought that this disastrous milestone in history would have served to destroy the blueprints that had been given so far, leaving a blank canvas on which to reconstruct the culture of the West;

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* Cubism: it is a reflection on form, from an intellectual and visual point of view. The most recurrent themes of this movement are still lifes and portraits. He also saw the emergence of collage, which consisted of combining pieces of various materials on the same surface. Basically, Cubism proposes the representation of nature through the use of geometry, placing the figures on a single plane. It is worth mentioning that it also appeared in literature, thanks to the work of the French writer Guillaume Apollinare; in this case, it was based on the combination of concepts and random images; * Suprematism: heavily influenced by the two movements just discussed, Suprematism was based on giving a leading role to pure sensibility and its supremacy in the figurative arts. Some of his traits are the use of basic geometric shapes, such as squares, lines and circles, painted with a limited range of colors; its evolution saw a phase in which monochrome was experimented with and works were also produced exclusively in black and white.

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