What is value?

Value is a quality that gives things, events or people an estimate, positive or negative. Axiology is the branch of philosophy responsible for the study of the nature and essence of value.

For objective idealism, value is found outside of people; for subjective idealism, on the other hand, value is found in consciousness (that is, in the subjectivity of the subjects who make use of value). For the philosophical current of materialism, the nature of value lies in the human being’s ability to value the world objectively. In another sense, values ​​are moral characteristics inherent in the person, such as humility, responsibility, piety and solidarity. In ancient Greece, the concept of value was treated as something general and undivided, but from the specialization of studies, different types of values ​​emerged and were related to different disciplines and sciences .

Values ​​are also a set of examples that society proposes in social relationships. Therefore, it is said that someone “has values” when he establishes relationships of respect with others. It can be said that values ​​are beliefs of a higher hierarchy, shared by a culture and that arise from social consensus . The theory of values ​​implies the existence of a scale, which goes from positive to negative. The beautiful, the useful, the good and the fair are aspects considered valuable by society. In the scientific field, where we find different areas, the concept of value is used in a generally exact way to refer to the equivalence of two abstract things. The simplest example is quantity , which we apply to material objects to count them and then assign a number, a value, to store this information in our brain and be able to transmit it to another person without taking the objects. Thanks to the use of numerical values, therefore, the human being is able to abstract various situations and share them with other people through communication. If we tell a friend that “yesterday we saw three lizards in the garden”, he will associate this numerical value (“three”) with the quantity and can imagine the painting even if it was not present. We must remember, however, that all our discoveries and inventions are arbitrary and not absolute. This means that another species could create completely different sciences, theories and methods of understanding life, which are nothing like ours, and which could be much better. This is why the exact sciences are so difficult for most people to understand, because they are not natural or dictated by a divine entity, but emerged from the reasoning of various people throughout history.

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In computer programming, values ​​are everything we assign to variables: among other possibilities, they are numbers, text strings, “true” or “false”. A variable is a space in memory in which a user-defined data type can be stored, within the possibilities offered by the language; inside numerics, for example, can be byte , integer, floating point and double, each with a greater range than the previous one (the last two, on the other hand, accept decimal numbers). Assigning a value of the wrong type to a variable can cause different problems, before and during execution. To a large extent, this depends on the degree of control exerted by the program used to write the code: if you miss these errors, execution will be unpredictable.

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