What is vaginal reconstructive surgery?

Vaginal reconstruction procedures are usually performed in a hospital setting, with the patient under general anesthesia.

Vaginal reconstructive surgery is a form of cosmetic surgery that focuses on the area in and around the vagina. Some forms of surgery, also called vaginoplasty, are cosmetic in nature, while others may be necessary for health reasons. Common surgeries include labiaplasty, vaginal reconstruction, and surgery for urinary incontinence.

Labiaplasty, in most cases, is an elective cosmetic procedure. If the patient feels that the labia minora or majora are larger or smaller than they should be, a plastic surgeon can mold the skinfolds to the desired size. The labia minora refer to the innermost skin folds that cover the vagina. The labia majora are the outermost skin folds. Labiaplasty can also be used to remove any darkening of the lips that may occur due to hormonal changes and pregnancy.

Vaginal reconstructive surgery may be performed to tighten or loosen the vaginal walls.

Vaginal reconstruction may be requested for medical and cosmetic reasons. There are several procedures that fall into this category, including vaginal rejuvenation, pubic mound reduction, and excess foreskin reduction. Vaginal rejuvenation may involve tightening or loosening the walls of the vagina. Mons pubis reduction can be used to reduce the size of the area below the stomach and above the clitoris. Reducing excess foreskin is used to remove any excess skin that is covering the clitoris, because an abundance of skin in this area can make orgasm difficult for the patient.

A scalpel is a small, sharp knife used to perform surgery.

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Medical reasons for vaginal reconstruction may vary from patient to patient. Some surgeons may want to rule out all possible medical conditions before acknowledging that the surgery is purely cosmetic in nature. To eliminate any possible medical reasons, the patient should visit a gynecologist before reconstructive surgery.

Urinary incontinence is a medical condition where stress, such as sneezing or coughing, causes leakage of urine. Surgery can be used to control the leak, and medical insurance can cover some or all of this type of procedure. One of the most common surgeries for the treatment of incontinence is a sling implant. This sling can be used to tighten the urethra and prevent urine from leaking during times of stress.

Most women will need to see a gynecologist before having vaginal reconstructive surgery.

Vaginal reconstructive surgery can be considered a major surgery. Many of the procedures are performed in a hospital operating room under general anesthesia. Tools used to perform the procedures may include a laser, scalpel, and stitches. Surgeon fees vary based on individual procedures and may be charged in addition to those for anesthesia, use of an operating room and any related hospital stays.

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