What is utopia?

The concept of utopia (also recognized without an accent, that is, as utopia ) was first promoted, according to experts on linguistic issues, by Thomas More . This word was formed from two Greek neologisms: outopia (formed by ou – “not” – and topos – “place” –) and eutopia (eu which, in Spanish, translates as “good”), this would explain the term utopian as “that which is nowhere”.

Moro chose to name “Utopia” a work he wrote in Latin around 1516. According to several historians, the English writer and humanist (proclaimed a saint by the Catholic Church in 1935) was shocked by Américo Vespucio’s stories about the island of Fernando de Noronha, sighted by Europeans in 1503. It was then that Moro decided to capture the descriptions of a new and pure place where a perfect society could develop.

Moro’s utopian society was rationally structured. All citizens lived in identical houses and the property was owned by the community. The inhabitants devoted their free time to reading and art, and were not sent to war except in extreme situations. Thus, this society lived in peace and with full harmony of interests. The current acceptance of the word utopia allows referring to a project, undertaking, optimistic system, future action, plan or doctrine that, at first, seems impossible to specify or fulfill. In other words, utopia is understood as the idea of ​​a perfect society, where harmony and coexistence prevail and whose political, economic and social aspects balance each other and allow the entire community to enjoy a peaceful life by being part of an absolutely . ideal. We can speak of economic utopias when the eradication of the existence of money is encouraged and where citizens dedicate themselves only to the jobs they like best and that are geared towards the common good. Other existing utopias are those of a religious nature (such as the popular manifestation about paradise), as well as environmental and political ones (which yearn for world peace). Finally, it should be noted that the term utopian is often used to designate something that is considered highly desirable, but impossible to achieve, and utopia to mention revolutionary ideas, but impractical in this reality and in no place where the human being is a part. .

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The economic and political systems of all societies in the world are corrupt, unstable and carry thousands of problems (world hunger, poverty, epidemics, discrimination, etc.); It seems that there is no possible social organization that allows balance and harmony. It doesn’t make capitalism, it doesn’t make communism or feudalism or even the monarchy, although some authors are inclined to single out this form as the only one that worked relatively well (I have serious doubts about them). Imbalances and social conflicts seem to be something intrinsic to humanity, however, a way to change this negative situation has always been sought without positive results. No matter how much you think about it, it seems that there is no system capable of satisfying all social needs, no system that comes close to the ideal of utopia seems viable in this world. Finally, we can mention the Romanian-German author Herta Müller , who states that utopia is not the word loaded with future and revolution that everyone proclaims, but one that buries true ideas . In order to understand this concept, it is necessary to clarify that in the early 60s the Communist Regime (the utopia that announced itself as the creator of a united and peaceful community) began to rule in Romania and what it brought were deaths, extortion and a hellish pittance. , a dictatorship with all the letters. For Herta, utopia expresses a reality that no human being should desire, as it is synonymous with lives condemned to certain death and censorship in all its forms.

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