What is usurpation?

Usurpation is a term that comes from the Latin usurp. It is the action and effect of usurpation (seizure of foreign property or right). For example: “A group of residents of the Las Rosas neighborhood spoke out against the usurpation of land near the station” , “The usurpation of public space by restaurants and bars that take their tables to the street is evident” , “If you want to avoid usurpation, you must connect this field. 🇧🇷

Due to the development of the Internet and new technologies, a type of usurpation called identity theft is in vogue. It consists of a person performing certain actions in the name and surname of another, which of course can generate serious confusion in third parties. This action is classified as a crime, where it is occurring with greater numbers is in the field of social networks. So, for example, there have been cases of famous singers, actors or presenters who have seen how someone uses their first and last name to create a profile on any of these platforms and make all sorts of normally offensive comments that can damage their image.

Usurpation is usually carried out by force, violence or intimidation. The person who usurps a property may have knowledge of his crime (and justify it on the basis of his own needs or deficiencies) or may have been deceived by a third party (who promised that the property had no owner, for example). The act of usurping is linked to the action of occupying, as it links material apprehension (the usurper enters the house and does not leave it) with the will to acquire the domain (when it demands possession and the right of the usurped thing) This type of usurpation must be declared that it is classified as a crime in the Spanish Penal Code. Based on a broad set of criteria and conditions, the judge competent to settle an action of this nature can establish a final sentence condemning the person who practiced it, for example, with a fine of up to eighteen months. The occupation movement cultivates usurpation as a way of life and social protest. These groups enter and take possession of vacant land (such as abandoned houses, temporarily or permanently), taking advantage of them and denouncing the lack of social conscience of the legitimate owner (for having abandoned the land). Many argue that, given the serious housing problems that exist in much of the world, the invasion of empty houses is justified. All this without forgetting that, in the same way, there is what is called usurpation of public functions. It is a crime that consists of the person assuming and performing acts that are only proper to a specific official or authority. This action can lead to imprisonment for a period of one to three years.

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