Urbanization is the action and effect of urbanization and the urbanized residential core. The term is generally used to designate the set of constructions built in an old rural environment.
When developing the urbanization of land, it is usually divided into several entities (polygons, blocks, lots, etc.) for the construction of houses and the necessary infrastructure. An urbanization requires electricity, drinking water, garbage collection and transport, among other basic services for its inhabitants. The notion of urbanization varies from country to country. The Spaniards use the concept to name the residential areas that are on the outskirts of urban centers. In Venezuela, urbanization is linked to planned urban development, with houses that share a similar structure.
It is known as the process of urbanization by the phenomenon of developing cities. This process takes place from the migration of people residing in rural areas to urban areas in search of a better quality of life (which is expected to be achieved thanks to the development of health and education services), job opportunities or leisure offers. not available. out of town. The urbanization rate, on the other hand, is an index that reflects the percentage ratio between the inhabitants of cities (that is, the urban population) and the total number of inhabitants of a country. A high rate of urbanization indicates a high level of development. Experts say that in recent years alone, the world urbanization rate has exceeded 50%, which means that more than half of the world’s population lives in cities. Ecological Urbanization The concept of ecological development is linked to green, sustainable, environmentally conscious architecture and ecoarchitecture, some of the names given to the way of designing buildings prioritizing the use of nature’s resources in order to minimize the impact on the environment and things alive that inhabit it. Among the principles of this type of architecture are the following: * It is essential to take into account the climate and the different ecosystems of the place where you intend to build, in order to obtain the highest possible energy performance, with the lowest possible impact; * seek an effective and moderate use of building materials, always prioritizing those with lower energy content;
* Minimize energy consumption for lighting, heating and cooling, among other services typical of an urbanization, taking advantage of renewable energy sources. In recent times, several ecological development projects have been carried out in various countries, and all of them coincide in two main objectives: the use of renewable energies and the preservation of biodiversity. In Peru, for example, there is the Ecological Urbanization Colinas del Sur, located in Lima, which covers 150 hectares and offers 200 homes, parks, a commercial area and an artificial lake; It also has a water supply system that allows it to be reused for tasks such as irrigation and cleaning. The different experiments that have taken place until the moment show that achieving a balance between nature and the construction of cities is possible. If all countries adopted these principles of respect and coexistence, the reward would be a cleaner and healthier world, and this would positively impact our body and our mind. It is difficult to believe that today there are still people who do not value the importance of plants for our health, as well as for the rest of animals; these last ones work tirelessly and without exception to maintain the cycle of life, and they have a lot to teach us.