What is urban?

From the Latin urbanus, the adjective urban refers to that which belongs to or is related to the city. A city is an area with a high population density and whose inhabitants generally do not carry out agricultural activities.

Cities have characteristics such as the predominance of vertical and collective housing (buildings), the few plots of land destined for green spaces and good infrastructure in terms of transport and communications. It is possible to speak of an urban area to name a region with more than 2,000 inhabitants, mostly dedicated to the secondary (industrial) or tertiary (services) sector of the economy. Faced with growing urban development, the delimitation of an urban area includes several factors that vary according to the country.

The adjective urban, in short, is linked to what refers to cities. For example: “The teenagers in this city are divided into several urban tribes” , “I don’t like the urban, I prefer to live in the mountains” , “This city was withdrawn from urban development and does not even have a hospital . Urbano is also a very popular given name in ancient times. Eight popes of the Catholic Church chose this name for their papacy: the first was Urban I (222 – 230) and the last, until now, Urban VIII (1623 – 1644). Urban art It is known as urban art (or street art, which is directly related to the English name “street art”) to all forms of art that take place on public roads. In general, these activities are outside the law, which tends to arouse deep controversies and confrontations between their followers and their detractors. Graffiti may be the first artistic expression associated with the streets, but there are several techniques, such as posters and stickers. It is a way of expressing oneself that has existed for decades and has evolved, even reaching the field of computing: there are applications that allow the creation of street art on the computer, on virtual three-dimensional walls. Templates (also known as stencils) are often used to convey political ideas and were particularly successful in Paris in the late 1960s. Fairy from North America, who led a campaign entitled “Obey the Giant”, expressed through posters and templates, which soon crossed borders and was supported by people from many countries.

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One of the goals of urban art is to surprise the viewer, and this is easily achieved as it can be located in publicly accessible places that are visited by countless people every day. In general, it seeks to reflect on various social problems through ironic messages that invite us to fight together for a fairer society. On the other hand, the intention of many street artists is tainted when they express themselves on private property, such as the facade of a building, as this constitutes a crime and annoys the owners. Fortunately, since art should not be repressed, there are many public spaces where it is possible to make these works without restrictions, and some of the results are worthy of applause. Street art emerges as a way to release tensions and frustrations typical of city life, to denounce injustices such as discrimination, environmental pollution, abuse of power by some rulers, and has become an important and necessary part of the urban landscape. 🇧🇷

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