What is UNESCO?

UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). It is a UN body that was founded in 1945 and is headquartered in Paris (France).

UNESCO is dedicated to helping nations manage their development through the preservation of natural and cultural resources. The intention is for each municipality to modernize and enter the world scene without losing its identity. Among the various tasks carried out by the organization, we highlight the training of teachers, the construction and equipping of schools, the preservation of cultural heritage and the promotion of freedom of expression.

UNESCO is responsible for naming and confirming the sites that are declared World Heritage Sites. The program has the support of 184 countries and its main objective is to preserve and promote places of exceptional natural or cultural importance, which are considered common heritage of Humanity and which must be protected for future generations. There are currently 890 sites named by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. Italy is the country with the highest number of sites, with 44 citations. The Alhambra, the Altamira Cave, the Palace of Versailles, the Acropolis of Athens, the historic center of Rome, Westminster Abbey, the Kremlin, the Statue of Liberty, the old city of Havana, the Iguazu Falls and the Islands Galapagos are some of the sites included in the UNESCO list. Movement against bullfighting In recent times, there has been an aggressive initiative on the part of bullfighting lovers to have UNESCO recognize bullfighting as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. That’s the intention of politicians, businessmen and institutions who share a taste for this national holiday, as well as a range of economic interests. Among the cities that are in favor of this initiative are Madrid, Seville, Murcia, Nimes, Arles and Bézier; On the other hand, entities such as the International Bullfighting Association (Spanish) and the National Bullfighting Council (Mexican) have also expressed their intention to protect bullfighting.

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On the other hand, millions of people of different nationalities have shown deep rejection, always through peaceful movements and having the word as their main weapon. One of the clearest examples is the series of petitions that were sent through the most popular virtual platforms, such as change.org and petitions24.com. The fight against the acceptance of bullfighting as a World Heritage Site is based on the fact that it does not meet two fundamental requirements of UNESCO, as shown below: * It does not enjoy acceptance and does not generate pride in the majority of citizens of the countries and cities in which is carried out, which was clearly manifested through its ban in Catalonia and the Canary Islands, as well as the results of the numerous surveys carried out in Spain, which show the rejection or disinterest of 67.2% of its inhabitants; * Does not meet minimum standards of human ethics. Bullfighting is a show that is based on the suffering, humiliation and murder of an animal. Those responsible for UNESCO recognize that the Intangible Heritage should be precious for those who practice it and remember the essence of belonging to their community. On the other hand, the disagreement of the majority of Spanish, French, Portuguese and Latin Americans with respect to bullfighting, demonstrates that this tradition divides them and generates the vergüenza of their own roots.

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