What is truth?

Truth is an abstract concept that is difficult to define. The term comes from the Latin verĭtas and is associated with the conformity of what is said with what is thought or felt. For example: if a person intends to sell his house and, when asked, answers “I would never sell my house”, he is not telling the truth (and therefore he is lying, which is the opposite of the truth).

Truth is also the conformity of things with the concept that forms in the mind about them: “It is true, the road is in a bad state”, “What we assumed turned out to be true: the owner of the company intends to declare bankruptcy”. Another way of understanding truth is as a judgment that cannot be rationally denied. If someone says “This table weighs five kilos” and, after weighing it, confirms that weight on the scale, no one can say that the statement was not true.

In this sense, we would have to emphasize that it speaks of what is known as truism or truth truism. In colloquial language, this expression is used, which starts to refer to all that truth that is notoriously known and that, therefore, is considered foolish to have to say it. A clear example of this meaning would be the following sentence: “In his oral presentation to the class, the student said a truism: we all end up dying”. There are also other very common expressions that also make use of the concept we are analyzing. This would be the case with “truth as fists”, which is used to refer to what is evident. Likewise, there is the phrase “a truth like a temple”. In this case it is often used to refer to what is absolutely evident and which therefore cannot be refuted in any way. The real existence of something is also associated with the truth: “Is this dog real?” , “I want to buy a real drum set, I’m tired of rehearsing with boxes and buckets . ” If the dog or the battery is not real, it does not mean that it does not exist, but that it is something different from what one imagines as a real dog or battery (it can be a toy dog ​​and an improvised battery with other elements). In addition to all this, we cannot ignore the use of the term at hand in areas such as cinema. So, for example, we find films like “The Two Faces of Truth”. It was in 1996 when it was released, directed by Gregory Hoblit and starring Richard Gere and Eduard Norton. In it we are told how a lawyer defends a young man who was arrested for killing an archbishop who presumably sexually abused him and his companions. Finally, truths are clear expressions with which someone is reprimanded or corrected: “I will tell you a great truth: no one with your attitude goes too far in life”.

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