What is true?

Veridical, from the Latin veridicus, is an adjective that refers to that or that which says or includes the truth. This term (truth) is linked to the conformity of what is said with what is felt or thought, or the conformity of things in relation to the concept formed in the mind about them. Truth is also judgment that cannot be rationally denied.

For example: “The war movie that will be released tomorrow is based on a true event”, “There is nothing real about this work: everything narrated is a figment of my imagination” , “Please stop fabulating and limit- if you tell me the truth”.

The most common use of the notion of truth is associated with certain films, theatre, television or literary works. The adjective allows to qualify those works that try to reproduce or recount events that took place in reality. A film, in this sense, can narrate a murder of civilians that took place in the context of the Iraq war. For this, the director met with soldiers, Iraqi citizens and journalists who were in the region to recreate the events in his film. It should be noted that what will be seen on the screen can be defined as fictional reality, since it is about actors reconstructing, more or less literally, something that happened in real life and that the director learned from third-party stories. It is necessary to differentiate between a real work and a documentary, since it does not usually use actors to reconstruct reality, but rather uses archival material or interviews with the real protagonists. On the other hand, there are hybrid works that combine fiction with recordings of the real participants in a story, usually to complete information or to emphasize the impact of certain events for which there is no audiovisual record. It is important to keep in mind that the term true has no direct relationship with the concept of credible, whose meaning in the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy speaks of something that appears to be true, which is believable because it does not offer. any character of falsehood. On the contrary, a true fact may seem incredible to one who experiences it in the first person and, even more, to one who receives it in the form of an anecdote. Julio Cortázar, one of the most renowned writers of the 20th century, was the author of a short story entitled “True History”, in which, with his characteristic mastery of language, he tells us a story that may have little credibility. Below is a summary of the work.

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It all starts with a man whose glasses fall to the ground and who discovers, to his surprise, that they are still intact after impact. Then he goes to an optician’s house to buy a sturdy box, convinced that next fall won’t be so lucky. However, an hour later, another carelessness causes the glass to fall to the floor and, although this time it has adequate protection, it is broken. The perplexed man ends up understanding that “the designs of Providence are inscrutable” and that the real miracle has already taken place. Although, as in almost all literary works, it is possible to do double readings, to search deep in his prose for interpretations that not even the author himself did on a conscious level when putting on paper the words that came out the most. In the depths of his being, the surface of Cortázar’s tale shows us a story that, at first glance, is not believable, but presents it as a true story, as a series of events that happened in reality, regardless of being. doesn’t seem very likely.

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