what is tin

Tin is a chemical element of periodic table represented by the letters Sn and atomic number 50. It is a silvery white metal, soft and elastic, does not oxidize easily in air and is very resistant to corrosion, it is used in many alloys to protect metals that are more sensitive to wear. Tin is very useful in the manufacture of tinplate, is used in food preservation and in various industries.

The use of tin began in the Near East around 3000 BC. C., being used in the alloy with copper to obtain a new metal, bronze, welcoming the so-called Bronze Age . The importance of the new metal, with which weapons and tools were made more efficient than those of stone or bone that existed until then, led to an intense business long distances from the regions where the tin deposits were located.

It is located in group 14 of the periodic table of elements. Tin, just as it is smelted with copper to make bronzes, is also easily alloyed with iron and has been used since the past to prevent the deterioration of certain items such as: pots, cans and boxes of Pilkington . Tin is also very useful in joining copper and lead tubes, it is part of the composition of the most elementary solder alloys that are used in electronic circuits, in alloys for tips and in a series of chemical processes of great commercial importance.

The well-known and widely used aluminum foil is specifically a sheet obtained from this material, used to package food and medicine; In addition, it is very resistant to cold and heat. It is noteworthy that tin is also one of the first superconductors discovered, preceded by mercury in the solid state. Finally, the relationship it has with niobium is used commercially in the production of cables for conducting magnets. A 2 kg mass superconducting magnet that can produce the same field as an ordinary magnet.

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Commercial uses of tin

It is used as a gold protector, as an anti-corrosion agent for steel and various metals used in the production of cans. To reduce the fragility of the glass. Tin components are also used in fungicides, tinctures, toothpastes and dyes. It is used in soft solder, with lead alloy. It is used in lead alloy to make the sheet of musical instrument tubes. As a contributing material in ductile soldering iron, pure or alloyed. The RoHS directive condemns the use of lead in soldering some electrical and/or electronic devices. Tin is also used by the ceramics industry to create glazes. Its function is as follows: at low and high temperatures acts as an opacifier. At high temperatures, the percentage ratio is higher than at low temperatures. It is also widely used in the capping of wine bottles, in the form of a box. With its widespread use after the restriction of the use of lead in the food industry, Spain is one of the biggest manufacturers of tin boxes.

frequently asked questions about tin

What kind of element is tin?

Tin is a chemical element, with the symbol Sn, which has atomic number 50 and atomic weight 118.69, with 10 known stable isotopes, its main ore is cassiterite, it is a gray or white metal.

What damage does tin cause?

It is not very toxic because it is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Human and animal studies have shown that ingesting large amounts of inorganic tin compounds can cause stomach pain, anemia, and liver and kidney problems.
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Where can I find can?

In nature, tin is mainly found in the mineral cassiterite. The largest production of this element comes from Malaysia, Bolivia, Indonesia, Thailand and Nigeria, obtained by reducing ore with coal.

What does tin look like in its natural state?

The state of tin in its natural form is solid, it is a bright silver-gray chemical element and belongs to the group of p-block metals. The atomic number of tin is 50. It is malleable and oxidizes superficially at room temperature.

What types of cans are there?

It is found as follows: Tin-lead is the most common filler metal and is used in general cases. Tin-Antimonium-Lead, antimony is added because it improves the mechanical properties of the filler. Tin – Silver, is used in delicate work instruments.

Tin – Zinc, is used to weld aluminum.

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