What is the treatment for thyroid calcification?

A biopsy may be performed to determine whether thyroid nodules are benign or malignant.

Thyroid calcification is treated in different ways depending on the types of thyroid nodules that the calcification has caused. Most benign nodules do not require treatment, but do require careful monitoring and testing. Nodules that need treatment may require patients to undergo thyroid hormone suppression therapy or surgery.

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located in the neck, around the trachea and larynx. This gland uses the iodine absorbed from food intake to create the hormones T3 and T4. These two hormones work together with the hormone calcitonin, also produced by the thyroid, to help regulate the amount of calcium in the blood. Problems with these three hormones and levels will lead to calcium buildup.

Elderly people are at a higher risk of developing thyroid calcification.

Thyroid calcification refers to the accumulation of calcium that can lead to the development of thyroid nodules. The hormonal imbalance that leads to nodules can be caused by a lack of iodine from food or by conditions that cause an overproductive or underactive thyroid. Some autoimmune diseases, such as Grave’s disease, can also result in thyroid problems.

Treatment of thyroid calcification may include surgery.

Patients with thyroid calcification do not always notice symptoms right away. Also, any symptoms may not immediately indicate thyroid hormone problems, such as anxiety or a cardiac arrhythmia. It is usually when nodules develop quickly and become visible or can be felt under the skin that thyroid function tests are performed to check hormone levels.

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The success of treating thyroid calcification depends on the type of nodules that develop in the thyroid. Nodules can be benign or malignant. Testing using tissue samples helps doctors diagnose the type of lump properly.

Thyroid calcification can lead to the development of thyroid nodules.

After diagnosis, a patient with benign calcified thyroid nodules may undergo thyroid hormone suppression therapy if the hormones are imbalanced. Radioactive iodine can be used to shrink lumps and reduce bothersome symptoms. For malignant nodules, surgical removal followed by chemotherapy is commonly recommended. Surgical removal may also be necessary for benign lumps that impair the patient’s ability to breathe or swallow.

Iodine deficiency can increase an individual’s risk of developing thyroid calcification.

Thyroid calcification is not a commonly occurring condition. While it can occur in a person of any age with active thyroid functions, age plays a role in the chances of calcification occurring. The likelihood of developing thyroid nodules increases as a person ages. Elderly people are more likely to develop lumps than a child. Children can develop this condition at an early age, particularly when genetic defects or underlying conditions influence thyroid functions.

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