What is the treatment for a hypoechoic mass?

A hypoechoic mass is dense tissue that appears during an ultrasound and can be a tumor or a harmless tumor.

A hypoechoic mass is not a medical condition, but the appearance of dense tissue during an ultrasound scan. While this mass could be indicative of a cancerous tumor, it could also be a harmless cyst or tumor. Thus, the treatment of this mass is totally dependent on its specific cause.

The comparative nature of diagnostic ultrasound testing is particularly useful in discovering a hypoechoic soft tissue mass. As a result, most of these masses are found in breast tissue. Causes include cysts, benign fibroadenomas, or cancerous tumors.

A hypoechoic mass is most commonly found in the breast.

The discovery of a mass in breast tissue is usually followed by a microscopic examination of the cells within the lump. When possible, cells are removed by inserting a needle into the area and drawing the sample into an attached syringe. The presence of clear fluid usually indicates a cyst; the lack of this fluid points to a solid tumor. If the lump cannot be successfully tested using this method, a surgical procedure, called a biopsy, will be performed to remove and test a part of the growth. If the tumor is small, it can be completely removed during the operation.

Chemotherapy may be helpful in treating a hypoechoic mass.

Generally, a hypoechoic mass caused by a breast cyst will not require any further treatment. If the cyst becomes painful, however, it may need to be drained by needle aspiration or surgical removal of the cyst. Multiple or recurrent cysts can sometimes be prevented with oral contraceptives.

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Most commonly, a solid breast tumor is the result of an overgrowth of glandular tissue. These harmless growths can occur as tumors called adenomas in many areas of the body, but are often called fibroadenomas when they affect the breast. Like a breast cyst, this type of mass rarely requires medical intervention, although it can be removed for cosmetic reasons.

Hypoechoic masses can be discovered in various parts of the body.

When cancer cells are found within a hypoechoic mass, surgical removal of the tumor is usually necessary. Since most cancer cells lack the ability to self-regenerate, cell-destroying therapies such as radiation and chemotherapy may be prescribed. Radiation therapy is often preferred in early-stage cancers because the side effects are much more tolerable than chemotherapy. In advanced-stage or radiation-resistant cancers, systematic chemotherapy is often recommended.

A hypoechoic mass may require surgical removal.

Although hypoechoic masses are most commonly diagnosed in the breast, diagnostic ultrasounds can discover these growths in other parts of the body. Most often, they are benign adenomas that require medical intervention only if they become so large that they interfere with surrounding organs. The treatment of a cancerous tumor is pretty much the same no matter where it is located.

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