What is the airway?

A road is a channel, a path, an access or a path. Respiratory, in turn, mentions what is linked to breathing: the process that allows you to breathe in air to store some of its elements and then expel it, already modified.

It is known as an airway for the grouping of organs that allow breathing. The concept, therefore, is equivalent to the notions of respiratory system and respiratory system . The airways are made up of the nasal passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles, which carry inhaled air to the alveoli and lungs. Different structures are also involved in breathing, such as the diaphragm and intercostal muscles.

The upper part of the airways is known as the airways. It is possible to differentiate the upper airways (from the nostrils to the larynx) and the lower ones (from the trachea to the bronchioles). Airway obstruction prevents a person from breathing: therefore, this obstruction causes death when maintained for a certain time. On the other hand, the respiratory tract can cause harmful substances to enter the body; therefore, in certain areas, it is necessary to protect them with masks and filters. Among respiratory tract diseases and disorders, one of the most common are colds or colds, which involve inflammation of the nasal passages. Influenza is an infection caused by a virus that affects the respiratory tract. On the other hand, there is obstruction of the upper airways, a problem that occurs when they become blocked or narrower than normal, causing the person not to breathe easily. The parts of the upper tract commonly affected by this disorder are the larynx, pharynx, or trachea. When it comes to the causes of the obstruction, the possibilities are many, as you can see below: * an allergic reaction in which the throat or windpipe swells to the point of closing, something that can happen after taking certain antibiotics (such as penicillin) , peanuts or some blood pressure medication (such as ACE inhibitors), but also as a result of a bee sting;

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* burns and reactions from contact with a chemical product. In this case, symptoms such as abdominal pain, dizziness, convulsions and itching may appear; * infection in the epiglottis (the surface tissue of the windpipe) known as epiglottis; * smoke inhalation, with or without burns; * Presence of foreign bodies in the respiratory system after accidental inhalation. This can include small toy parts, buttons, hard, hard-to-break food fragments, or even coins. As with causes of airway obstruction, symptoms also include a long list, including: restlessness and agitation; bluish-colored skin (known as cyanosis); altered state of consciousness (decreased consciousness); confusion; asphyxia; panic and wheezing with difficulty inhaling; fainting; different breathing noises, such as hissing or wheezing. Faced with a case like this, the doctors would recommend a physical examination that may include a langiroscopy, a bronchoscopy and radiographs, although not all of them are necessary. As can be expected, the treatment depends on the cause of the upheaval, since as we have seen, they can vary a lot from one another; Although the objects that have been stunned can be extracted through various interventions that, in the meantime, cases arising from infections and inflammations can require more “violent” procedures, such as tracheotomy.

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