To unravel the meaning of the last term, the first thing we must do is continue to know its etymological origin. In this sense, we can say that it derives from Latin, specifically, from “ulterior”, which can be translated as “beyond”. Without forgetting that it is the result of the sum of three differentiated elements:
-The word “alius”, which is equivalent to “other”.
-The “-ter-” component, which is a contrastive suffix.
-The suffix “-ior”, which means “more than”.
The Latin term ulterĭor came to our language as ulterior. The first meaning that the dictionary of the Real Academia Española ( RAE ) presents about this concept refers to what is located in the “part of there” of a place. It is, therefore, what is posterior to a certain location or position. The ulterior is the beyond: what is behind something or far away. For example: “I think the problem is in the back room” , “Lower towns are the poorest in the region” , “Those who live in low houses complain about the bad smell coming out of the lagoon” .
On the other hand, the ulterior is that which is executed or specified after something else. Suppose that certain public expressions of an official derive from the initiation of a judicial process by the content of the sayings: this procedure is later than what is expressed. Consider, on the other hand, the case of a non-governmental organization that collects plastic caps and bottles to recycle them and then sell them, obtaining money that is used to fight malnutrition. The main objective of this NGO is to collaborate with people who suffer from food problems; It can also be said that helping the environment is an ulterior objective of the entity. This is because the ecological end is behind the social contribution against malnutrition. Lastly, Hispania Ulterior is the name of a province of the Roman Empire. This region arose after the conquest and subsequent division of Hispania, which led to the creation of Hispania Ulterior and Hispania Citerior. Specifically, we can determine that Hispania Ulterior was, at first, the area of Hispania that came to occupy all of the Guadalquivir Valley. Its capital was Córduba, which is now Córdoba, although at specific times it was Gades, now known as Cádiz. Likewise, it is important to note that, over time, Hispania Ulterior was divided into two provinces:
-Bética, which was classified as a senatorial province. During Roman times, its capital was Corduba and it played a very important role for the entire empire, given its economic, cultural and even political wealth. Thus, it not only took charge of exporting cereals and wine, but also made a remarkable extraction of minerals and, in addition, “gave” important figures such as Seneca, Hadrian and Trajan.
-Lusitania, which was the imperial province. It was developed as much by what was Portugal as by Extremadura and even by the province of Salamanca. Its capital was Augusta Emerita, which is now Mérida.