What is sterilized gauze?

First aid kits should contain sterile gauze.

Gauze is a loosely woven cotton fabric compared to normal clothing material. When used for clinical purposes, it is called medical gauze, of which there are two types: sterile and non-sterile. Sterile gauze has been treated with irradiation, chemicals, or heat to kill microorganisms and make it suitable for healing wounds and absorbing body fluids. Non-sterile gauze, which is primarily intended for bandaging to keep the sterile gauze in place, does not go through the same process because it is not intended to have direct contact with exposed body parts. For greater tensile strength, bandages are tightly woven than a sterile dressing.

Pre-rolled sterile gauze is often used by dentists.

As a dressing, sterile gauze not only stops bleeding but also protects the wound from further physical damage and infection. For this reason, a person’s hands should be clean and sanitized before using sterile gauze. Since its primary purpose as a dressing is to promote healing, sterile gauze is non-adhesive, non-toxic and non-allergenic to prevent further trauma. It is also common to find sterile dressings that are treated with an antibiotic or antiseptic. An added convenience is that pre-cut sterile pads of various sizes are readily available.

Sterile gauze can be used as a bandage for larger areas of burns or wounds that a normal bandage would not cover.

An equally important function of sterile gauze is absorbing body fluids during procedures. Like a sponge, sterile gauze comes as a pre-rolled pad, which is commonly used by surgeons, or as a pre-rolled gauze pad, which is preferred by dentists. For example, rolled gauze absorbs blood and saliva and temporarily fills the space created by an extracted tooth, but would not be as useful for a minor abrasion. For minor cases, a regular sterile gauze pad may be sufficient to soak up the blood before applying the final dressing.

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Sterile gauze can help slow bleeding and protect wounds.

Because accidents like burns, bruises, or cuts can happen almost anywhere, it’s important for medical centers to have various sizes and shapes of sterile gauze available at all times. For example, a variety of medical cases within hospitals and emergency clinics will always require an inventory of different screens and sizes of medical gauze in order to be able to handle any given situation effectively, so their first aid kits are often quite extensive. Paramedics and first responders typically carry similar kits for the exact same reason.

Traditional bandages consist of a small piece of sterile gauze with an adhesive.

For primary care at home or at work, it is usually sufficient for individuals to keep a few pieces of individually wrapped sterile gauze pads for dressings and a roll of non-sterile gauze for dressings. Scissors should always accompany the gauze bandage, as the required length usually differs from case to case. Items such as adhesive tape and fixation clips are also sometimes used in conjunction with sterile gauze.

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