A steak and kidney pudding is a British food made around a large pile of meat and sauce with puff pastry or suet dough.
A steak and kidney pudding is a British food made around a large pile of meat and gravy with puff pastry or suet dough. The types of meat used in a steak and kidney pudding include minced steak or lamb steak, or lamb or pork kidney. This dish is also commonly flavored with spices, oyster juice and wine. The meat is cooked first, before being wrapped in the dough and roasted in a bowl.
Pork kidney can be used in a meat and kidney pudding.
Generally, the dough made for a steak and kidney pudding is prepared with animal fat, usually pork fat, and is called suet dough. This type of dough is also known as suet pudding. While puff pastry is the traditional dough used to make steak and kidney pudding, many chefs substitute puff pastry. For a non-traditional steak and kidney pudding, puff pastry may be a better choice because it’s easier to buy commercially than suet pastry and gives the dish a more refined pastry texture.
Typically, the meat inside the dough is cooked before being wrapped in the dough, usually cooked over low heat with onions and seasonings. It is usually cut into cubes, but it can also be crushed. Flour is added to boiling meat and onions to make a sauce before the meat is stacked, packaged, and covered with puff pastry. Often this dish is prepared by lining a bowl with dough, stacking the meat, covering the meat with dough, and baking it. When the dish is ready, the contents of the bowl are flipped onto a plate for serving.
The kidney is an organ that is shaped like a bean and is responsible for many functions in the body of animals and humans. Meat and kidney pudding is made with pork or lamb kidney, and is usually not made with beef kidney. As many people are not used to the taste of kidney meat, often steak and kidney pudding are made from minced steak only and do not contain any kidneys.
Meat and kidney pudding has been known by a large number of names throughout its existence. For many years it was known as John Bull pudding. Typically this dish is called steak pudding and, less commonly, members of the British Armed Forces often call it baby head pudding or baby head pudding.