What is revenge?

Revenge is a reprimand that is exercised on a person or a group of them for an action that is perceived as evil or harmful. The subject who feels affected decides to take revenge and makes a kind of reparation for the damage. Revenge is compensation for damage taken.

For some people, revenge is necessary when justice fails; However, if they are analyzed in depth between the two, there is not much difference, the problem is that justice does not always work and sometimes allows certain damages to go unrepaired. At that moment, revenge may arise, but no longer with the aim of doing justice, but to release the tension that pain and hatred caused to germinate in the victim; That is why it is said that revenge transcends the attention of reparation and has an exemplary character whose objective is to pay with the same coin or inflict a greater evil on the one who committed the original damage.

As reprehensible as it may be from a moral or ethical point of view, revenge causes pleasure to those who practice it, since the avenger is usually immersed in feelings of hatred and resentment. Revenge, therefore, appears as a way out. When revenge tries to exemplify (that is, the damage it causes is greater than the original damage), it runs the risk of spiraling into uncontrolled violence. That is why, since biblical times (Book of Exodus), an attempt has been made to establish retributive justice with the lex talionis or Talion Law, summarized in the phrase “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” . In modern societies, revenge is not allowed nor is the Law of Talion accepted. Justice is channeled through laws that seek to be objective and promote social peace and anyone who violates the rules imposed by the current legislative system can be condemned for taking justice into their own hands. Revenge, stories and literature Revenge has been a theme that has been present in literature for as long as it has existed. In classic works, many stories can be found where this is the protagonist. From the Greek tragedies, through certain novels of the early 19th century and even present in current works. In William Shakespeare’s “Hamlet”, for example, the plot of this play takes place in Denmark and narrates the events after the murder of King Hamlet by his brother Claudius. The dead man’s specter reveals itself to the son to ask him to take revenge. From there, an intense story unfolds where revenge, betrayal, incest and, above all, moral corruption are protagonists.

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Another story that has revenge as the axis of the plot is “The Count of Monte Cristo” by Alexandre Dumas, which has already been made into a film on numerous occasions and is considered one of the great works of literature. Generally, the works where revenge exists as an element suelen use the partial madness or the absolute loss of the judgment of a person to somehow try to reach the deep reasons that lead one person to harm the other with the objective of paying for something. It is worth noting that in Greek culture there was even a goddess of revenge, the so-called Nemesis, whose main peculiarity was that she was not subject to the gods of Olympus and was in charge of punishing the excesses of human beings that disturbed the universal balance. Likewise, in all ancient cultures there was a certain religiosity towards revenge, usually confined within a series of limits. Later, with the foundation of the Law, revenge came to be considered a negative and petty act that does not collaborate with the common good and, therefore, is also a reason for condemnation.

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