Verse is called the set of words that are subject to a certain measure and that maintain a cadence. The lines constitute the first ordered unit of the poems. Regular, on the other hand, is one that obeys the rules or is measured.
Regular lines display the same number of syllables in each line, respecting the rhyme. This means that if we analyze the stanza of a poem that has four lines, and the four lines are composed of twelve syllables, it is regular lines. For example:
I’m not afraid of loneliness
I like solitude
I hope to live in solitude
yes i really want this
As can be seen in this example, the stanza consists of four lines (“I’m not afraid of loneliness / I like loneliness / I hope to live alone / Yes, I really want that”). Each of the verses, on the other hand, is composed of nine syllables. Thus, we can say that the stanza in question is composed of regular lines. It is important to establish and make clear that regular verses are, as long as they meet the characteristics that we have exposed, regardless of whether they belong to what is known as major art or minor art. Another example we can use to understand what the regular verse is is the following. It belongs to the work entitled “I looked at the walls of my homeland”, which is a sonnet by the great writer of the Spanish Golden Age Francisco de Quevedo. Specifically, it is the first quartet of the same and allows us to perceive that all the verses that compose it are hendecasílabos and also have a rhyme of assonance: “I looked at the walls of my homeland,
if a strong time, has already collapsed,
from the race of old age,
for whom his courage has expired. However, there are too many examples of great authors to understand the type of versification that concerns us. Thus, we can also find it in the poem by San Juan de la Cruz entitled “Dark Night”. Different is the case of irregular lines, which have a different number of syllables. The stanza “I feel that I am a bird / Fast, free / Capable of reaching the sky / With those who love me” presents verses with different numbers of syllables: they are, therefore, irregular verses. This type of versification, as we have already mentioned, is absolutely free both in terms of the number of metric syllables and in terms of rhyme. In addition to the above, we can use as an example part of the poem entitled “Wine, first, pure”, which belongs to the writer from Huelva and Nobel Prize in Literature (1956) Juan Ramón Jiménez: “And he took off his tunic,
and appeared all naked…
Oh, passion of my life, poetry
naked, mine forever.” The regular verses, in short, allow the development of the so-called regular versification, which is composed of equal rhythmic units.