Plant propagation is simply the reproduction of plant life.
Plant propagation is the process of reproducing plant life; also refers to causing the biological reproduction of plants. Plant reproduction can be sexual or asexual. Sexual propagation of plants produces a new generation of plants through the exchange of genetic material from parent plants. Asexual propagation is the reproduction of plant life identical to that of a single parent. Seeds are involved in sexual reproduction, and various cuttings and grafts are used in asexual reproduction.
Plant propagation is asexual reproduction.
There are some distinct advantages to propagating plants by seed. Depending on the desired plant, it may be the only means of reproduction. It is almost always the easiest and most economical method of producing plants and is the only way to acquire new varieties. Using seeds to grow plants is an all-natural way to avoid certain diseases. Annual or biennial vegetables and flowers are usually grown from seeds; perennials can be grown from seed, but some won’t flower after a season.
A plant propagator uses plant breeding methods to create new and improved varieties of fruits and vegetables.
Despite the advantages of seed propagation, it is not always recommended, especially when dealing with a variety that is not native to the region where it will be planted. This is because the seeds can turn into weeds, attract destructive insects and give rise to disease. Gardeners are advised to familiarize themselves with the laws and regulations governing the importation of plants in order to avoid damage to the environment. US residents may consult the US Department of Agriculture’s Plant and Animal Health Inspection Service. Unhealthy seeds can harbor disease, so gardeners are advised to make sure only healthy seeds are saved and used for future crops.
Asexual propagation of plants involves plant cuttings to achieve reproduction, but there is no variation in yields obtained this way. Instead, the offspring is an exact replica of the single parent plant. Stem, leaf and root cuttings, from which plant material grows back, are often used to propagate houseplants. Other methods of this type of reproduction include layering and grafting. Fruit trees grown in orchards are often propagated by grafting.
Many people have turned to organic gardening to help protect Earth’s delicate plant life, because animal life depends on plants too. This is why farmers and gardeners are often encouraged to participate in the propagation of ancient flowering, fruit and vegetable plants. One of the best sources of plant cuttings, seedlings and old seeds is a gardeners’ club or association where members not only exchange knowledge and ideas, but also seeds.