What is nursery?

From the Latin vivarium, nursery is an agronomic facility where all kinds of plants are cultivated, germinated and matured. Nurseries have different types of infrastructure according to their size and characteristics.

A greenhouse (an enclosed space where plants are grown at a higher temperature than outside), a reservoir (the accumulation of water for a specific purpose), a shade house (a place intended for planting and protected from the sun, from rain and air), an outdoor growing field and a laboratory are some of the sections that a nursery can have. Among the factors that determine the characteristics of a nursery and its plants are the frequency of irrigation, light (essential for photosynthesis), the substrate used (mixtures of soil, fertilizer and other components), temperature and humidity.

The basic components of a nursery are: * Flower beds: it is a place destined to the first phase of plant growth, until the time to transplant them to the definitive site. Its dimensions are usually around 10% of the total size of the pond. It consists of a layer of sand on which the seeds are sown, arranged by species and arranged in lines divided by boards or ropes. A cloth or plastic base must be prepared, with small perforations, to avoid the spillage of the sand. When the seeds germinate and reach an average height of 4 cm, it is time to transplant them to the growing plots. It is important to label the seedlings with their name; * earth banks: it is very important to have enough good quality earth to carry the bags. The ideal soil should not be too clayey and should have a portion of sand, which makes it easier for the seedlings to breathe. For best results, it is recommended that 30% of the mixture is compost, which can be made at home, taking advantage of the parts of vegetables and fruits that are not consumed. When collecting soil, check carefully to remove elements such as pieces of glass or plastic; Most importantly, we must ensure that we do not destroy an anthill. To contain the plants, polypropylene bags must be used, which are sold in different sizes, each suitable for a particular type of seedling. Depending on the need, a bag that is too large can cause waste of raw material, while a bag that is too small can hinder the good development of the seed. If you want to take advantage of shopping bags, don’t forget to pierce them to allow water to pass through;

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* Growing lots: they must be conditioned according to the number of seedlings and the amount of raw material available, among other factors. Depending on the species, the time each specimen spends in the batches varies from a few days to several months. In any case, it is recommended that the transplant be carried out as soon as possible, to collaborate with the recovery of the seedling and guarantee its adaptation to the new environment; * Cellar: it serves to maintain stable the conditions of fertilizers and other components of the nursery, such as unused tools, protecting them from the sun’s rays with its cover. Other meanings Vivero is a town located in the Spanish province of Lugo, in the Autonomous Community of Galicia. The city is crossed by the River Landro, which flows into the Cantabrian Sea. More than 16,000 inhabitants live together in the municipality, the third most populous in Lugo. Most of the population is distributed in the cities of Vivero, Covas and Cillero. Vivero also usually receives a large number of tourists thanks to its cultural heritage.

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