What is migraine?

Migraine is characterized by intense, throbbing headache. Its causes are not fully known, although some triggering factors are. In this series of articles we aim to summarize the most striking aspects of migraine in terms of symptoms, causes and treatment.


A migraine is a throbbing headache that is usually more intense on one side of the head, so it is also known as a headache (from the Arabic “half-head”). This pain is usually intense and prevents the affected person from performing daily tasks. It is estimated that approximately 10-15% of the population suffer from migraine, affecting 3 times more women than men. The biggest difficulty in accurately determining the incidence rate is that many migraine sufferers mistake it for tension headaches or other types of headaches and are not diagnosed as migraines.

85% of people who suffer from migraine experience the first episode before age 30, it worsens with age in intensity and frequency until it reaches a maximum peak from which it decreases until it disappears in old age.

The causes of migraine are not well known, but many triggers are known, such as certain foods, stress, or hormonal changes. It has also been associated with epilepsy, anxiety, depression, family history and central hypersensitivity syndrome.4.

More about migraine:

Main Symptoms of Migraine The causes of migraine. Triggers Migraine treatment. Pharmacology and alternative therapies

Sources and references

clinical guide for European Headache Society WebMD: migration guide Balearic Institute of Headaches SHC Doctor – Central Hypersensitivity Syndrome Research Group

For more information and help, consult the Spanish Association of Headache Patients.

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