# What is Mbps?

Megabits per second (Mbps) refers to data transfer speeds measured in megabits (Mb). This term is commonly used in communications and data technology to demonstrate the speed at which a transfer occurs. A megabit is just over a million bits, so “Mbps” indicates the transfer of a million bits of data every second. Data can be moved even faster than that, measured in terms like gigabits per second (Gbps).

Network Interface Card (NIC), which is one of the pieces of hardware rated in terms of data transfer rates.

Understanding the Megabit

A bit is a single unit of data, expressed as “0” or “1” in binary code. An eight-bit string is equal to one byte. Any formed character, such as a letter of the alphabet, a number, or a punctuation mark, requires eight binary bits to describe it. For example:

Mbps is the unit that defines the transfer speed of a wireless network device.

A = 01000001 B = 01000010 a = 01100001 b = 01100010 6 = 00110110 7 = 00110111 ! = 00100001 @ = 01000000

In fact, a megabit has two different values, depending on the context of the term. When used to describe data storage, one megabit (Mb) is the equivalent of 2 20 or 1,048,576 bits. However, when used to describe data transfer rates, one Mb is equivalent to 1,000,000 bits. So 1 Mbps equals 1,000,000 bits per second, not 1,048,576.

Distinction between Megabits and Megabytes

In addition to confusion over the value of a megabit, some people may also confuse megabit (Mb) and mega byte (MB). As noted earlier, a byte (B) is made up of 8 bits (b). The distinction between megabytes in data storage and transfer contexts is the same as megabits and can lead to additional confusion. However, 1 megabyte per second (MBps) is equal to 8 Mbps (megabits per second). It is important to note that the capital “B” is what distinguishes between megabits per second (Mbps) and megabytes per second (MBps).