Marine science includes the study of ocean currents.
Marine science is commonly called oceanography. As those names might reveal, this branch of science deals with the study of the oceans. Professionals in this field are often referred to as marine scientists or oceanographers, but they can also obtain titles that refer to their specialties. Topics covered by marine science can vary widely, including things like ocean currents, deep-sea geology, and the chemical composition of ocean water.
A focus on marine plants is an option for anyone studying marine science.
Many people have only a vague understanding of marine science. A common misconception involves using titles like marine scientist and oceanographer. To a layperson, this might seem very specific. In reality, these titles hardly provide any information about what a person in this field does.
Marine science is so broad that it would require a lot of space to delineate all possible career paths. Many of the same components that are studied on land are also studied in water. Marine biology, marine chemistry, and marine physics are three of the disciplines that fall under the category of Oceanography. Within each of these disciplines, there are numerous subcategories in which a professional is likely to specialize. For example, within marine biology, one person may focus on plants while another focuses on microscopic organisms.
In some cases, oceanographers have graduated from some sort of marine science program. Most of the time, however, these professionals graduated from more basic programs, such as Biology or Earth Sciences. Then, somewhere along the way, they veered off and started focusing on oceanography.
People also tend to think that marine scientists perform most of their functions in the water or in the water. This is a second misconception. Much of the work performed by these professionals is usually performed in laboratories. Instead of wetsuits and oxygen tanks, their equipment is usually made up of microscopes and computers.
The oceans are widely believed to affect many components of Earth’s natural system. For example, the oceans have been associated with the global climate. Marine life is also responsible for supporting part of the human food chain. This being the case, a common goal of marine science is to attract relevance among the oceans and other parts of nature.
Marine science is often treated as an innovative science that commonly results in funding problems: a third misconception. This vast area of science can play a vital role in conserving the environment. It can also be a big contributor in finding solutions to environmental problems such as global warming.