What is ivermectin?

Ivermectin can be used to treat scabies.

Ivermectin is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug often used to treat parasitic worm infestations in animals and humans. In humans, ivermectin is most often used to treat threadworm or strongyloidiasis, river infestation and blindness, or onchocerciasis. It is also sometimes prescribed to treat other parasitic infestations, including scabies, lice, and worms. In animals, especially dogs and cats, ivermectin is often used to treat and prevent heartworm disease and to treat ear mites and some types of mange. Like most other prescription drugs, ivermectin can have drug interactions, contraindications, and side effects.

Like most prescription drugs, ivermectin is contraindicated for use with certain medications.

Strongyloidiasis is a parasitic infestation of worms. Caterpillars generally access the body by digging through the skin, making their way through muscle tissue to the bronchi, and then entering the gastrointestinal tract through the esophagus. Rarely, caterpillar infestations can occur on other parts of the body, including the uterus, lungs, and liver.

Side effects of ivermectin can include vomiting.

These infestations can be very difficult to treat, especially in children, because the risks of reinfection are often high. Typically, a dose of ivermectin is given to treat the threadworm. If additional doses are needed, they are usually given three, six or 12 months after the initial dose.

Onchocerciasis, also known as onchocerciasis, is usually spread through the bites of black flies. It mainly occurs in tropical countries in Africa, although this infestation is known to occur in tropical nations in Central and South America as well. Onchocerciasis can damage the skin to the point of disfiguring its victims, and is believed to be the second most common cause of infectious blindness in the world. Doctors often monitor their patients’ progress during treatment by examining a series of stool samples. The results of these tests can tell the doctor how well the treatment is working and how long it should continue.

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Patients are typically advised to discuss their medical history with a healthcare professional before taking ivermectin.

Heartworm disease in dogs can be treated and prevented by administering ivermectin. Sarcoptic, demodectic, and notoedric mange can also be treated. Ivermectin can be used to treat ear mites in dogs and cats. Side effects in animals are generally rare, and when they do occur, they are usually mild.

Ivermectin dosages for humans and animals are generally determined on the basis of body weight. Side effects of using ivermectin in humans can include diarrhea, vomiting, weakness, dizziness, and uncontrollable tremors. Ivermectin may interact with certain medications, including those used to treat mental illness, anxiety, and muscle spasms. Patients are usually advised to discuss prescription and nonprescription drug use, medical history, and alcohol use before taking ivermectin.

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