What is involved in the cheese making process?

Dairy products, including various cheeses.

Many types of cheese can be found all over the world, so recipes and processes for making them vary widely. Despite the variety of cheeses, recipes and procedures, several basic steps are often involved in the cheese making process. Starter cultures and rennet are added to milk to start the clotting process, resulting in curds and whey. The curds and whey are further manipulated and then salted, molded and matured to make cheese.

Goat cheese.

The initial process of making cheese involves adding cultures and rennet to milk. The type of milk and cultures may vary from one cheese to another. Starter cultures are bacteria used to produce different flavors in cheese. Cultures also initiate the process of converting lactose to lactic acid, commonly known as acidification. An enzyme known as may also be added to aid in the process.

Cheese wheels aging on shelves.

After the acidification process has taken place, curds and whey will have formed from the original milk. The curd will result in cheese after the entire cheese making process is complete. Depending on the type of cheese being made, the curds can be sliced, cheddared, or boiled. Cutting the curds allows them to release more moisture, resulting in a harder cheese. Cheddar is made to create tiny curds that are formed in molds, and cooking the curds involves heating them to produce a softer cheese.

Cheese Factory.

Salting does two things in the cheese-making process: it adds flavor to the cheese and preserves it during the aging process. Cheeses get their flavors from a number of sources, one of which is the salt added to the curds during the cheese-making process. To preserve the cheese during the aging process, you can rub salt into the molded cheese or rub a cloth dipped in brine into the cheese.

See also  What is Olive Salad?

Slice of havarti cheese.

Shaping the cheese involves pouring the cheese curds into various shapes to shape the cheese. Specific molds are used for some cheese varieties. Ripening is usually the final stage of the cheese-making process. This step involves allowing the cheese to ripen under ideal conditions. The area where the cheese is placed to ripen is controlled to keep the temperature and humidity at optimal levels. For some cheeses, additional steps are taken in the aging process, such as injecting mold into the air, putting mold in or around the cheese, or washing the cheese with certain solutions.

Leave a Comment