Inorganic chemistry does not focus on chemical reactions involving carbon, which are a focus of organic chemistry.
Inorganic chemistry is a branch of chemistry that deals with the properties and behavior of inorganic compounds. Inorganic compounds are generally those that are non-biological and characterized by not containing hydrogen and carbon bonds. It is almost easier to discuss this field in terms of what it is not – organic chemistry. Organic chemistry is the study of any chemical reaction that involves carbon, which is the element on which all life is based.
Inorganic chemistry deals with inorganic compounds.
The term “organic” traditionally only refers to animal or plant matter, so there is a common misconception that organic chemistry always refers to life processes, or that inorganic chemistry applies to everything that it does not. This assumption is inaccurate. Many chemical processes deviate from this line of thinking, and there are many vital chemical processes that rely on inorganic chemical processes.
Inorganic chemistry is the study of any chemical reaction involving inorganic compounds.
There are exceptions to all rules. Although carbon is the main common element in organic chemistry, inorganic chemical compounds can also contain carbon. For example, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide contain carbon but are inorganic compounds. Carbon dioxide, in particular, is also very important for the chemical processes necessary for life, especially plant life. The truth is, the lines between inorganic and organic chemistry are often blurred.
There are many branches of inorganic chemistry available for specialization. Geochemistry is the study of the chemicals of Earth and other planets, and covers the chemical compositions of rocks and soil. In the field of geochemistry, there are several subfields, including isotopic geochemistry, cosmochemistry, and biogeochemistry.
Another branch is physical chemistry, which relates to the concept of physics in chemical systems. Sometimes this field is also called physical chemistry. It uses the principles of thermodynamics, quantum chemistry and kinetics as its foundation.
On the other hand, bioinorganic chemistry is the study of compounds containing metal-carbon bonds in biological systems. This is a particularly interesting branch because it also incorporates aspects of organic chemistry. Bioinorganic chemistry focuses on the simulation of metal ions in biochemical processes.
Inorganic chemistry lends itself to many different industries, including education, environmental science, and government agencies. A scientist who focuses on this field can create or improve formulas for household cleaning products. He may also work in chemical research, discovering new ways to manipulate the properties of metallic elements into useful functions.