In the 1960s and 1970s, the term information technology (IT) was a little-known expression that was used by those working in places like banks and hospitals to describe the processes they used to store information. With the paradigm shift towards computer technology and “paperless” workplaces, information technology has become a familiar expression. It defines an industry that uses computers, networks, software programming, and other equipment and processes to store, process, retrieve, transmit, and protect information.
A network engineer may be tasked with configuring a company’s servers.
In the early days of computer development, there was no such thing as a university degree in IT. Software development and computer programming should be left to computer scientists and mathematical engineers because of their complicated nature. With the passage of time and the advancement of technology, such as with the advent of the personal computer in the 1980s and its daily use at home and in the workplace, the world has entered the information age.
Today, information technology plays a role in almost every industry, including agriculture.
At the beginning of the 21st century, almost every child in the Western world, and many in other parts of the world, knew how to use a personal computer. Enterprise information technology departments have moved from using storage tapes created by a single computer operator to interconnected networks of employee workstations that store information on a server farm, usually somewhere far from the company’s main site. . Communication has advanced from physical postal mail to telephone fax transmissions to near-instant digital communication via electronic mail (e-mail).
Great technological advances have been made since the days when computers were huge pieces of equipment that were stored in large air-conditioned rooms, getting their information from punched cards. The information technology industry has turned out to be a major employer of people across the world as the focus shifts in some countries from manufacturing to service industries. It is a field where the barrier to entry is generally much lower than in manufacturing, for example. In today’s business environment, being computer proficient is often a necessity for anyone who wants to compete in the workplace.
Information technology jobs are widely varied, although many require some level of higher education. Positions as diverse as software designer, network engineer and database administrator are generally considered IT jobs. Virtually any position that involves the intersection of computers and information can be considered part of this field.
Information technology is becoming more integral to education.