What is fructose sugar?

Honey contains fructose sugar.

Fructose sugar is a type of simple sugar essential in the human diet. It occurs naturally in fruits, honey, and other foods, but it can also be made in a lab. It is sometimes mistakenly confused with high fructose corn syrup. This sugar has several qualities that make it ideal for use in processed foods, but it can cause some health problems if used in excess.

Monosaccharides are crystalline simple sugars. There are three important monosaccharides in the human diet: glucose, galactose, and fructose sugar. These sugars are usually colorless and dissolve easily in water.

Fruits, like apples, contain fructose sugar.

The sugar in fructose appears naturally in foods like honey, fruits and root vegetables. The natural form of fructose sugar is known as molecular fructose. Molecular fructose was discovered by French chemist Augustine-Pierre Dubrunfaut in 1847.

When fructose is created in a laboratory, it is called crystalline fructose. This form of fructose is produced from fructose-enriched corn syrup. As both are associated with corn syrup, it is often confused with high fructose corn syrup. The difference is that fructose is a simple sugar, while high fructose corn syrup is a complex sugar made with fructose and glucose.

Studies have shown that high consumption of fructose sugar can lead to obesity.

Several characteristics make fructose sugar ideal for use in processed foods. First, because fructose is quite simple to produce, it costs less than more complex sugars. The sugar in fructose becomes more or less sweet depending on how it is processed. Overall, fructose has a relatively high sweetness compared to other types of sugar.

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Second, fructose is the most water-soluble of all the sugars, so it works well for sweetening liquids. Fructose is also good for absorbing moisture. Once the moisture is absorbed, it can be retained for a long time. This characteristic makes fructose useful for improving the quality, texture and shelf life of food products.

Fructose is the naturally formed sugar found in almost all fruits.

Fructose sugar has some disadvantages. While this sugar is important to the human diet, it can be harmful if consumed in excess. Studies have shown that high consumption of fructose sugar increases body fat. This can lead to complications like obesity, hypertension and high triglyceride counts. These effects are almost the same as those found in regular table sugar, sucrose.

Fructose sugar is one of several sugars that people with diabetes should avoid.

Some people suffer from fructose malabsorption. Fructose is mainly absorbed by the small intestine. When not fully absorbed, fructose travels to the large intestine, where it causes the production of carbon dioxide. This can cause bloating and flatulence, pain and diarrhea.

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