Of Latin origin universĭtas, the university is a higher education institution made up of several faculties and which grants different academic degrees. These institutions may include, in addition to faculties, different departments, faculties, research centers and other entities.
The concept can refer to the institution and the building or group of buildings intended for the chairs. For example: “When I finish high school, I go to the university to study medicine” , “The public university is the most prestigious in the country” , “I couldn’t go to the university because there was a transport stoppage ” . The characteristics of universities depend on each country and the historical period in question. Historians believe that the oldest university is the Higher School which was established in China during the Yu period (2257 BC-2208 BC). More akin to today’s universities were the Persian schools of Edessa and Nisibis, developed between the 4th and late 5th centuries.
There are many prestigious universities around the world. However, among all of them we can highlight, for example, that of Bologna (Italy). One of the oldest in Europe since its foundation in 1088, it became famous in the Middle Ages for having a great teaching of Humanities. However, one cannot forget about other equally significant universities, such as the University of Oxford (United Kingdom), which is one of the most prestigious and which has the privilege, in addition to being the most ancient of English language at all. the world. Stephen Hawking, Albert Einstein, JRR Tolkien, Lewis Carroll, John Locke or TS Eliot are some of the most distinguished students that the aforementioned British university has ever had, considered one of the ten best on the planet. Along with them, the University of Salamanca (Spain), which dates from the 13th century, also deserves special recognition. It was precisely in 1218 that the one that had the privilege of being the first on the European continent to obtain the title of University was founded. Cambridge (United Kingdom), Harvard (United States), Yale (United States), San Marcos (Lima-Peru) or Córdoba National (Argentina) are other universities that have more international projection and more prestige. Therefore, every year there are many young students who try very hard to get a place in one of them. The notion of a modern university is associated with empirical thinking and scientific discoveries that emerged after the industrial revolution that began in the 18th century. The development of the Internet allows us to think about an evolution of universities, since face-to-face education in physical classes can be complemented or even replaced by distance classes. With the help of videoconferencing, chat, email and other technological applications, the university is in a position to digitize. In this way, physical limits (such as geographic distance) for accessing university education are reduced.