What is Ethical Values?

In the field of ethics, values ​​are considered properties belonging to objects, whether abstract or physical. These properties allow you to qualify the importance of each object according to how close it is to what is considered correct or good.

If the ethical value of the object is high, it means that the action in question is good and therefore must be done or lived. On the other hand, if the ethical value is low, this is a negative issue that should be avoided. Ethical values ​​can be relative (depending on the individual perspective of the person or their culture) or absolute (they are not linked to the individual or cultural, but remain constant since they have value in themselves).

The idea of ​​ethical value is linked to the concept of moral value. Ethical values ​​are guides that dictate how people should act, while moral values ​​constitute the individual as a human being. The two notions, however, are often confused and even combined according to the author. Likewise, we must not forget that ethical values ​​include what is known as a set of rights and duties that human beings have. Specifically, according to scholars in the field, it can be said that four are the great ethical values ​​on which the education of human beings has been based and should continue to be supported. We are referring to responsibility, truth, justice and freedom. Responsibility becomes the faculty that man must have to recognize his faults and assume the consequences that this entails. Likewise, it indicates that it also includes carrying out the obligations they have contracted. Truth, on the other hand, is the ethical value of being honest and sincere, not cheating or misrepresenting, because that will give the person who owns it the ability to be a person who can be trusted. It is so important that there are already legendary phrases like “the truth will set us free”. A fundamental ethical value is fairness. All people must act with justice so that there is a harmonious and peaceful coexistence in society. Those actions that are far from this ethical value threaten social well-being. Freedom is also often mentioned as an ethical value. Acts intended to restrict the freedom of subjects are unethical; In any case, people must take responsibility for their actions, as responsibility is another ethical value that governs the functioning of communities. Otherwise, freedom can violate justice, for example. Likewise, we cannot ignore that within Public Education in Spain there is an ESO (Compulsory Secondary Education) subject called Ethical Values. As an alternative to the discipline of Religion, it is taught in which students study topics such as euthanasia, cloning, the role of the courts of justice, conscientious objection, dignity, equality in interpersonal relationships, justice and politics…

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