A conscious emergency landing on land or water outside the airport or airport due to an unexpected situation where the aircraft cannot continue to fly.
Unexpected situations leading to a forced landing include failure of the aircraft’s mechanical, hydraulic or electrical equipment, fires, collisions with other aircraft or objects in the air, onboard injuries and illnesses, life-threatening hazards, aircraft trekking or fuel exhaustion. , and sudden changes in weather conditions.
Damage, kidnapping or illegally crossing the border, disobeying air traffic control, etc. In the event of such accidents, the pilot must use the on-board equipment to carry out tests or judgments, determine the severity of the problem and take appropriate measures in time to minimize the potential danger. In case of fire, fire extinguishing measures must be taken immediately in accordance with regulations.
On a multi-engine aircraft, if one engine is stalled, the remaining engines must be properly tuned to maintain normal flight conditions. On a single-engine airplane, if the engine is off and the air start is invalid, it will only be able to glide to a suitable location for landing. When landing at the airport, if the landing gear cannot be lowered automatically, lower it manually. If manual operation is invalid, use the belly of the aircraft to clear the ground.
To prevent fires, foam extinguishing agents were sprayed on airport runways. During an emergency landing, other aircraft cannot fly over the airport. Fire trucks, ambulances and various emergency vehicles must immediately proceed to the place where the aircraft will be forced to land.