There are several ways to look at economic risk.
Economic risk is a nebulous term with a variety of definitions. In short, it is the risk that a venture will be economically unsustainable, for a variety of reasons, ranging from a change in economic trends to fraudulent activities that ruin the outcome of the project. Before starting projects, economic risk must be considered to determine whether or not the potential risks are outweighed by the benefits.
Economic risk is a nebulous term with a variety of definitions.
There are several ways to look at economic risk, with a variety of modeling systems. In a simple example, imagine a planned housing development. The risk, in this case, is that the profits of the enterprise do not cover the costs of the enterprise, leaving the developer in debt. This can be because of downturns in the housing market, unexpected cost overruns, lack of interest in housing, and a variety of other factors.
Investors need to balance risk against the expected return on their investments.
People may try to predict economic risk, but they are not always successful. Economies are notoriously unstable and don’t necessarily follow patterns that can be followed or mapped out in advance. The risks that a project will not pay for itself increase with the size of the project and also increase the longer it takes for a project to complete. Production costs, for example, tend to go up, which means that every year a project runs out of time, the more expensive it becomes.
Economists who act as consultants can charge dearly for their services when asked to map economic risk. In addition to predicting risk, economists can also come up with suggestions that can reduce risk. In the housing development example above, for example, an economist might recommend a certain percentage of units before construction begins to make sure the project will have sufficient funds to carry it through to completion.
Investors also look at economic risks when considering things like taking out loans, doing business with another country, or even sending relief supplies to other nations. Country-level risk can be an important consideration for potential investor partners and creditors who are reluctant to work with countries that appear to be economically unstable. Balanced with this risk is the very real problem that a nation that is economically unstable may have trouble getting assistance, which in turn increases the economic risk for other investors because the country lacks support.