What is domestic violence?

The family is the most important social grouping of human beings. It is a form of organization based on consanguinity (such as affiliation between parents and children) and on the establishment of socially and legally recognized bonds (marriage). Members of a family usually live in the same house and share daily life.

Violence, by the way, is that performed with force or occurs against the will of another person. Violent behavior attempts to impose or obtain something by force and can cause physical and emotional harm to the victim.

The definitions of both concepts (family and violence) allow us to approach the notion of intra-family violence, which is the exercise of violence within the family. That is, the action or omission that one family member performs against another and causes physical or mental harm. Domestic violence, also known as family violence or domestic violence, can include different forms of abuse, from bullying to assault, harassment or name-calling. The violent person may carry out his actions against a single family member (such as his partner or child) or behave violently towards everyone. Specialists in this type of violence within the home establish that there are several common denominators that come to identify the aggressor. Specifically, people of this type coincide in these characteristics:

• They are highly dependent individuals on an emotional level who manifest this dependence through aggression.

• They are self-confident and even seem arrogant. However, it diminishes the image created by citizens who tend to have self-esteem problems.

• They need to humiliate and submit to their partner to feel good and superior.

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• They often have affective and problematic disabilities with characteristics similar to those they have had since childhood or adolescence.

• They have pathological jealousy.

• They are unable to express their feelings. In addition to all this, it should be noted that intrafamily violence that occurs in any home is usually composed of three clearly differentiated phases:

• A first phase where what is a build-up of tension occurs, where they take center stage from episodes of jealousy through verbal disrespect or arguments out of the ordinary.

• The second phase is where the acute episode of violence occurs, where it manifests itself through regular blows.

• The last phase of domestic violence is known by the name of Honeymoon, as the aggressor calms down, shows some repentance and even starts to perform continuous demonstrations of affection and love towards his victim.

Although this type of violence is punishable by law, these crimes are not usually reported, as victims may feel shame, fear or guilt for betraying a family member. Experts, however, insist and recommend that victims overcome their fear and make the corresponding reports to break the violent bond.

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