What is cello?

Cello is a concept that comes from the Italian word cello. The term refers to a musical instrument smaller than a double bass and larger than a viola.

Also known as a cello, the cello is a chordophone: an instrument that generates sounds from the vibration of strings. Specifically, it is a fretted string instrument, like the violin or double bass mentioned. The cello is played with a bow. The musician, referred to as a cellist or cellist, sits and places the cello between his legs, supporting it with a stand or pike on the floor and using the bow to rub the four strings.

The cello’s body (ie, its sounding board) consists of a lower cover and an upper cover joined by a belt. In the middle of the top is the bridge on which the metal or nylon strings rest. The bow, in turn, is made of wood with tense bristles. The Venetian Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741); the Germans Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) and Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827); and the Polish Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) are some of the great composers who created works or concertos for cello. Among the most famous cellists we can mention Mstislav Rostropovich (1927-2007) and Yo-Yo Ma (1955). It is important to mention that the position of the instrument, the way of using the bow and the playing techniques have changed over the years. Through modifications to the spears, for example, cellists were able to increase the cello’s register.

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