What is Biocompatibility

Biocompatible materials are characterized by having the property of not degrading or destroying the environment with which they live, that is, they do not destroy the biological environment where they exert their action, so they are materials used and implanted in living beings such as humans, plants or animals, another name for biocompatible elements is “biomaterials”.

Due to the exposed concept, it is easy to understand that these materials are used in most cases in the hospital or healthcare environment, the materials used for contact with the tissue and internal mucosa of humans are biocompatible, examples of these elements are catheters, probes, syringes sterilized, among others.

These materials can have a brief or prolonged contact with the patient, if it is brief there is a risk of causing intoxication or hypersensitivity to the material used, on the other hand, if the contact is delayed or prolonged, it must be taken into account that there is no type of reaction against the patient, that is, they are totally inert materials, and after the materials used are absorbed or undergo degradation, so that they are later supplanted by the patient’s normal tissue; an example of this is the absorbable sutures used for internal stitches.

Another characteristic that cannot be ignored, that these materials must have, is that there is a complete and definitive union with the tissue, as is the case with orthopedic or dental implants.

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