what is bilingual

We define bilingual as a person who speaks two languages, that is, speaks, reads and writes perfectly both languages ​​in question. In general, one of these languages ​​is your native language and the other acquires it thanks to studying it.

And, on the other hand, when a text, a document, is written in two languages, it will be said that it is also bilingual.

Bilingualism (a person’s ability to use two languages ​​alternately) can be native or acquired. If a child is a child of Mexican parents, but was born and raised in the United States, it is likely that he or she is a bilingual native, as they will speak Spanish at home, during school, and in life in general. she appealed to English.

On the other hand, if a person is born and lives all his life in Chile, but has studied German since the age of five, when he reaches a certain age he will master this second language perfectly, in addition to his native Spanish. It will therefore be a case of acquired bilingualism.

The notion of bilingual, therefore, is associated with a perfect command of two languages ​​that the individual can use indistinctly (that is, can express himself/herself without problems in both languages). The subject who has knowledge of a language other than the mother tongue will not be bilingual, as he cannot express himself fluently.

In recent years, in countries such as Spain, bilingualism has gained special relevance . A good example of this is that in more and more schools, both schools and institutes, we move to an education based on this. Therefore, many of the classes are taught by teachers in English so that students, from an early age, are fluent in the language that has come to be considered the universal language: English.

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Specifically, the different government institutions have committed themselves to this type of education, based on the Spanish and Anglo-Saxon languages, as it is considered to bring a significant amount of benefits to children and young people.

A language is defined by a set of sounds or as a code that serves to communicate and represents our first link with the world. The newborn who cries and cries when he comes into the world, does so to express himself and attract attention.

Words, syntax, grammar, everything that comes after, contribute to building our mental universe that helps to structure the way we perceive the world. A bilingual may use two linguistic reference systems to describe a feeling or express an idea. For a long time, it was thought that this could cause confusion, especially among younger children.

Starting in 1962, thanks to a study by Pearl and Lambert on the relationship between bilingualism and intelligence, the scientific trend changed direction. In the last decades, several studies have highlighted the existence of a “metalinguistic conscience”, that is, a predominant attitude among bilinguals to solve cognitive puzzles without going through language: as if, faced with a mathematical equation, a bilingual had more capacity to settle on that.

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