What is an organic chemical? (with photos)

Nitrogen can bond with carbon and hydrogen atoms to form an organic chemical.

An organic chemical, also known as an organic compound, is defined as being constructed of molecules that have carbon-based atoms. Specifically, it is made up of carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms, along with a variety of other elements from functional groups such as oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, etc. Typically, an organic chemical is covalently bonded, meaning electrons are shared between atoms. This characteristic is the reason why organic chemicals can be structured into a variety of long chains and rings and form bonds with great stability.

Certain reactions can produce new organic substances used to make synthetic pharmaceuticals.

As the name implies, an organic chemical exists naturally, albeit in a wide variety of combinations. In fact, they occur in all living organisms and form the core of all biological processes. However, organic compounds also govern various organic chemical reactions. Two of the simplest reactions that occur are combustion and saponification, or the hydrolysis of fats to make soap. However, certain reactions can also produce new organic substances, including those used to make synthetic pharmaceuticals and the raw materials needed to manufacture various consumer goods.

Organic chemicals can be processed in factories.

Although the study of organic chemistry has scaled to initiate organic reactions outside living organisms (in vitro and the synthesis of new chemicals, the field had a modest beginning. In fact, until the mid-19th century, scientists believed that the “force vital “Organic compounds could not be duplicated from a lifeless material. However, this way of thinking began to change when chemist Friedrich Wöhler produced urea from ammonium cyanate in 1828, the first known synthesis of an organic chemical. from a non-organic source.In the 1890s, the birth of the pharmaceutical industry was celebrated with the production of aspirin from acetylsalicylic acid by a German drug and dye company called Bayer.

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Synthetic organic compounds are produced by chemical reaction.

Today, organic compounds are generally classified as either natural or synthetic, although there are also subclassifications. Natural organic compounds are derived from living organisms, i.e. plants or animals. They include many vitamins, carbohydrates, fats, amino acids, enzymes and alkaloids. Synthetic organic compounds are produced by chemical reaction, whether the parent material occurs naturally or not. In addition to man-made materials such as plastic, examples of inorganic compounds include sulfides, oxides, and minerals.

In the 1890s, the birth of the pharmaceutical industry was celebrated with the production of aspirin from acetylsalicylic acid.

Since organic chemicals exist in all living things, it might seem ironic that the Earth is composed primarily of inorganic materials. The planet’s crust, for example, contains mainly oxides, considered inorganic, although they contain carbon atoms. Other carbon-based compounds exist in nature but are still called inorganic. Some examples include carbonates (salts) and carbon allotropes (diamonds and graphite).

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