Automated buildings use central control systems to monitor and provide feedback on lighting and other building systems.
An automated building is a structure operated through a central control system. These central control systems use computer networks to monitor and provide feedback on heating and cooling units, lighting and many other building applications. Automated building systems are mostly used in large buildings and are not as common in smaller structures. The central control system used to automate a building may also be known as a building automation system (BAS) or building management system (BMS). This technology is also known as “smart building” or “smart system”.
Automated building technology can be used to control many different systems within the building. Systems are commonly connected to heating and cooling units as well as ventilation equipment. The automation system can be used to turn lights on and off at specific times or dim the lights according to the level of sunlight detected. Hot water heaters and chillers can also be controlled by these systems, along with specialized equipment. Finally, the central control system can be linked to fire and security alarms or communication systems throughout the building.
While each type of automated building system can be configured slightly differently, there are some basic similarities between these systems. They can be operated on a desktop computer or mini handheld computers. This control unit is equipped with some kind of BAS or BMS software which is used to automate the entire building. Maintenance personnel use these control units to set acceptable temperature and humidity ranges, program equipment, and monitor security and fire alarms. If an irregularity or problem is detected by the software, an alert can be sent in the form of a text message, email or automatic phone call.
When automated building software is installed, the heating and cooling units automatically adjust within a certain temperature range. The lights will be turned on as instructed and turned off to save energy at night. Carbon dioxide monitors detect when air quality is poor and direct fresh air throughout the building as needed.
Automated buildings offer many benefits over traditional maintenance systems. Control systems help keep temperature and humidity levels in check, which can make the building more comfortable for occupants. It can also extend the life of furniture and equipment and help prevent mold and mildew. As the heating and cooling units are automatically adjusted, the building operates more efficiently, which can reduce annual energy costs. An automated building system can also alert maintenance personnel to tasks that need attention, which can make maintenance easier while extending the life of building systems.