What is a verb?

A verb is the type of word that can be modified to match the person, number, time, manner and appearance of the subject it speaks of. Originating from the Latin term verbum, the verb is the element of a sentence that gives the pattern of existence and describes an action or state that influences the subject. It is the nucleus of a structure that can mark the division of the subject and the predicate.

Basically, we can say that a verb is one that indicates what action the grammatical subject of a sentence performs and that can express moods, feelings, actions, attitudes or states. The verb can be indicated by means of a term that determines the action in the case of the active voice or as a complement in the case of the passive voice.

Verbs can be classified in several ways, such as: from the morphological point of view they can be regular or irregular, from the temporal duration of actions, perfective or imperfect, according to the meaning contribution they offer, they can be copulative, semi-pulative, predicative , transitive, reciprocal, reflexive, intransitive or pronominal; if they serve to support the meaning of other verbs, they are called auxiliaries.

To name a few definitions: transitive verbs are those that require the existence of a direct object to achieve a full meaning; the intransitive , however, need not be a direct object in the verb-conditional sentence; the irregular verbs they have particular conjugations for primitive verb tenses like the present tense of the indicative mood, the simple past perfect of the indicative and the simple future tense in the same way; regular verbs are, however, those that respect the conjugation systems of the most used language to which they belong. Other types of verbs are personal, impersonal, third person, defective, and copulative. The use of a verb within a sentence is called conjugation, in some languages ​​verbs are always used in the infinitive and the tense is interpreted with the help of certain particles, in Spanish all verbs must be conjugated to know the real meaning they have. It is essential, therefore, that the verb adapts to the rest of the words so as not to collide either in gender, person or number in the face of arguments or complements. If we analyze the Spanish language, for example, we will notice that with the subject it always agrees in number and in most cases in the person variable (with the exception of the so-called inclusive subject).

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Those languages ​​in which verbs are conjugated are called inflections. Each determines a type of conjugation pattern, which differs from one language system to another. In Spanish, most verbs are regularly conjugated according to three established patterns based on the theme vowel. In our language, to carry out a correct conjugation of verbs, it is important to take into account that in the singular there are three persons (I-you-he/she) and in the plural three other persons (we-you / you-they), some of these forms share the conjugation particles (not in all cases), others do not. It is important to clarify that the moment in which the action occurs is one of the determinants of this conjugation.

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