What is a Split System Air Conditioner? (with photos)

Evaporator coils are used in combination with condensers to cool hot air.

A split air conditioning system is made up of indoor and outdoor units that work together. The indoor part is a furnace, while the outdoor unit is the air conditioner that circulates cold air inside the house. The air conditioner cooperates with the oven to produce efficient temperature control. The system takes warm air into the house and outside, leaving fresh air in its place. This air conditioning system is powered by electricity.

Split air conditioning system parts include compressor, fan, condenser coil, evaporator coil and refrigerant.

System parts include compressor, fan, condenser coil, evaporator coil, and refrigerant. The condenser coil is installed externally and connects to the evaporator coil or coils inside different rooms in the house. The evaporator coils are individually controlled, allowing homeowners to set each room to a different temperature. Condenser and evaporator coils are connected to the refrigerant lines.

In addition to controlling central air circulation, a split air conditioning system controls temperature, humidity, humidity and cleanliness. To regulate a constant temperature, the device removes as much moisture as possible from the air. In addition, the system filters pollutants and other particles that foul the air. Efficient air conditioning systems contribute to a cleaner home environment by allowing occupants to keep windows and doors closed, forcing insects, pollen and other outside annoyances to remain outside.

The efficiency of this type of system is measured by a Seasonal Energy Efficiency Index (SEER). The higher this ratio, the more energy efficient the system. SEER averages the efficiency of a system over a year and is measured by multiplying 10,200 by the number of tonnes, or the cooling effect of melting 1 ton of ice in 24 hours. That number is then divided by the Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER), the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of a pound of water by one degree divided by the watts input.

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In 2005, a SEER value of 13 was adopted as the government’s basic efficiency level for split air conditioning system efficiency. Many homeowners choose systems with higher SEER values, however, due to the high cost of energy. Choosing an air conditioner with a higher SEER typically results in lower monthly bills, as well as a quieter system and more complete moisture removal.

In most cases, split systems are also ductless, meaning they don’t use ducts to pump air and cool the house. They are small, easy to install and extremely energy efficient. A ductless air conditioner works silently and is known to remove moisture.

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