Sterilizing pets prevents them from breeding.
Many pet owners take their animals to the vet for pet sterilization operations. For pets, this is called spaying and involves removing the uterus and ovaries. An incision in the abdomen is needed for the vet to remove these organs, which typically requires shaving the area to remove the hair. A spaying incision requires special care until it heals, so the animal is usually prevented from moving and licking the area.
A female dog or cat has her reproductive organs within the abdominal region.
A female dog or cat has her reproductive organs within the abdominal region. To get to them, the vet needs to cut three layers of tissue. The outer layer is the skin, which covers another layer called the subcutaneous tissue, which in turn covers the muscles of the abdomen. Underneath all of this are the uterus and the ovaries, which are connected to the uterus. A veterinarian cuts these organs off from the cervix, which is connected to the vagina.
A vet will be able to neuter someone’s pet.
After the ovaries and uterus are removed, the vet closes the sterilization incision. As three different layers of fabric were cut, each one needs to be sewn separately. Normally, the two inner layers are sewn with dissolvable stitches, but the outer layer of skin can be closed with material that needs to be removed when the skin is healing. This is because the resistance of non-degradable points may be stronger.
When the owner brings the animal home after the operation, the animal needs special treatment until it fully recovers from the operation.
When the owner brings the animal home after the operation, the animal needs special treatment until it fully recovers from the operation. Each sterilization incision carries a risk of infection, but owners can reduce the risk by keeping the incision dry and clean. Signs of infection include swelling, redness, and pus, and vet attention is usually needed if this occurs.
If the animal moves around a lot, it may accidentally break the stitches, preventing the sterilization incision from healing properly. The owner must therefore keep the animal calm and restrict its exercise until the stitches come out. Baths and other water exposures, such as swimming, are generally not recommended until the incision is healed.
Animals like dogs or cats like to lick themselves to keep their bodies clean, but after a spay, the animal can break stitches when doing so. It can also delay healing if the wound is not kept dry. A special collar to block the animal from licking is an option if licking is interfering with the healing process.