Commonly used on humans and animals, the Robert Jones bandage is a type of soft splint bandage that consists of many layers of soft material wrapped around a joint or extremity.
The Robert Jones bandage is a type of soft splint bandage that consists of many layers of soft material wrapped around a joint or extremity. Its purpose is to compress and limit mobility to provide support, reduce bleeding, and limit swelling after surgery or trauma. It is the name of a surgeon who developed it in response to injuries sustained by soldiers on the battlefields of World War I, in an effort to temporarily stabilize traumatic injuries to the upper and lower extremities until more complete medical care was possible. In addition to its original purpose, the Robert Jones bandage is used to protect areas such as elbows and knees after surgery. It is also used in veterinary medicine to treat serious injuries to the extremities of pets and livestock.
The purpose of a Robert Jones bandage is to compress and limit mobility in order to provide support, reduce bleeding, and limit swelling after surgery or trauma.
As it is commonly used for a variety of limb injuries in humans and animals, a Robert Jones bandage can vary from one use to another. It is more of a general technique of immobilizing an injured limb than a specific type of bandage. Joint injuries, broken bones, severe lacerations and other structural injuries can be treated in this way in order to stabilize a person or animal until fuller medical attention can be offered.
Robert Jones bandages are often used in veterinary medicine to treat serious injuries to the extremities of pets and livestock.
A typical Robert Jones bandage, applied before treatment, after surgery, or after other treatment, is usually constructed in the same way. Adhesive tape strips are applied along the limb to be bandaged, extending in any direction from the injury site. In the case of a knee joint, the tape would be placed on the outside and inside of the leg, along the sides of the knee joint and running from the thigh to the calf, along the lines followed by the seams of a typical pair of pants. In some cases, such as a leg injury, the tape may go under the foot, as if it were a stirrup, and only extend up to the bottom of the leg, just below the knee. Splints made of wood, plastic, or improvised field material such as rolled-up newspaper sheets can also be used in place of tape for additional support.
A Robert Jones bandage can be used to protect the elbow after surgery.
The next step is to wrap several layers of soft, thick dressing, such as cotton or gauze, around the affected area, along the entire length of the tape or splint, in order to compress the injured area. Care must be taken not to compress the injured area to the point of completely restricting blood flow. Moderate compression, however, helps reduce swelling and slow bleeding and immobilizes the injured area, which is essential in case of severe joint injuries or broken bones.