Pigfish are members of the grunt fish family and live predominantly in the Atlantic Ocean off the southern coast of the United States. They are plentiful in number and have a colorful appearance. There are several types of fish that are called pigfish; these include the golden porcupine, the red pig, and the red mouth grunt.
All triggerfish belong to the class Congiopodidae, a group of ray-finned fish that thrive in shallow, mild waters. Although they are edible for humans, triggerfish are mainly used as bait. Most larger fish will easily consume pigfish when used as live bait – sea trout are especially fond of them.
The upper part of the pigfish has a bluish hue, while the underside is silver. They have irregular stripes on the head and snout. Its scales are also colorful, with blue midpoints and orange or reddish-brown hues on the outer edges. They can be up to 30 centimeters long and usually weigh 0.45 kilograms or less. Pig is commonly confused with pinfish.
Adult triggerfish normally spawn during the spring in large bodies of water. As young fish mature, both the adults and their young retreat to shallower waters closer to land. They are especially attracted to areas with gently sloping floors and tend to prefer environments with grassy areas or sandbars.
triggerfish are attracted to several different types of bait. Bloodworms, clams, crabs and squid are some of their favorites. They also prefer shrimp, particularly when they are peeled and used by anglers fishing from docks, piers or bridges.
When triggerfish are caught, they emit a grunt or snort, which is probably where their name comes from. triggerfish have teeth in their throats, and when grinding them, a grunting sound is produced. While this cry is a natural reflex of the triggerfish, it is also an inadvertent message to other fish in the area that there is a triggerfish nearby. Given its role as an excellent source of bait, it doesn’t bode well for triggerfish, but is ideal for anglers looking to get a good catch.
triggerfish are most prevalent along the Atlantic coast, from Florida north to New York. North and South Carolina waters are favorite spots for pigfish. They are also abundant in the Gulf of Mexico, especially near the coast of Texas.