What is a Network Service Provider?

In computing, a network service provider (NSP) is a company that provides network connectivity to commercial Internet service providers (ISP) and large organizations. The NSP provides the backbone of the large network clouds used around the world. This backbone makes it possible for an individual to connect to a local ISP and also communicate with groups at other ISPs around the world.

Cat5 cable, which is used with networks.

Computer network is an advanced set of telecommunication devices used by multiple computers. It is similar to the telephone network used by consumers for telephone service. The network service provider is responsible for connecting separate computer networks on a global network backbone.

The computer network backbone is the main interchange point for connecting multiple networks. This backbone is managed by the NSP and provides global connectivity. These providers are responsible for ensuring that the network is reliable and performs well. This reliability is critical for telecom companies that sell network connectivity to consumers.

The Internet is a vast array of networks connected through a special Internet Protocol (IP). These networks use existing telecommunications infrastructure that has been available for many decades around the world. The network service provider has enabled access to various internet service providers by providing the connection point to the telecommunications backbone.

Most large companies require telecommunications services for phones, e-mail services, and computer connectivity for employees. The network service provider sells this service to large organizations at a discounted price. Some examples of network service providers include Verizon, AT&T, and Sprint.

Network technology has expanded to include cable, satellite, cellular, and standard Internet protocol. Most network service providers are expanding into all areas of telecommunications. This created a one-stop shop for customers, which allows entertainment, telephone and computer networks to be managed by one company.

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The network service provider (NSP) sells telecommunications services based on network traffic and volume. This is known as a bandwidth requirement for the network connection. Streaming internet video has significant bandwidth requirements. This bandwidth is provided by the NSP to the ISP for consumer use.

Network bandwidth is typically sold in specific size increments. Larger blocks are sold to an ISP at discounted prices because they require wider general usage. The Internet Service Provider generates revenue by charging customers additional dial-up fees for this bandwidth capacity.

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