What is a microchip?

A microchip is a small semiconductor used to transmit information through specific electrical characteristics. In some cases, the term may be used interchangeably with integrated circuit. The microchip is at the heart of many electronics, including computers, cell phones, and even microwave ovens.

Microchips are semiconductor integrated circuits that perform information processing tasks in most computers.

The first microchip is jointly credited to Robert Noyce and Jack Kilby in 1958. Although they were both working for different companies and coming to the invention from slightly different angles, the two companies decided they both had part of the general answer and decided to license their inventions to create a unified technology. After being demonstrated in 1958, it was first made commercially available in 1961.

Robert Noyce patented the first printed integrated circuit in 1958.

The technology was basic compared to modern standards. The first chip contained a transistor, three resistors and a capacitor; modern ones often contain millions of transistors in a space smaller than a US cent. The rise of ever-smaller semiconductor chips has led to several other benefits. In addition to being used in electronic devices, they can also be inserted into biological organisms.

Microchips are used to locate lost dogs and other animals.

The microchip was even considered an invention that is used to save lives. Pacemakers use them to keep pace so they can effectively control the heart. Mechanical hearts themselves use pacemakers to fully assume the function of a biological heart.

Veterinarians can microchip pets to make them easier to find in case of loss.

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As the cost of biology-centric microchip applications has decreased, the number of uses has increased. For example, many pet owners now insert them into their pets; If the animal is lost and taken to an animal shelter or veterinary clinic, one of the first things staff will usually do is scan the animal to see if it has a microchip. The chip will reveal the owner’s name and contact information.

Likewise, some people have had microchips inserted into themselves. If they ever become incapacitated and need to be taken to the hospital, they already carry their complete medical history within their body. They can be easily scanned and the information downloaded so medical professionals can make the most appropriate decisions possible. In the future, it is envisioned that people will be able to have these devices implanted that will take care of many of the daily tasks. Cars can start when the owner approaches, or house doors can be unlocked only for those who have chips programmed with the key.

Some animals are microchipped in case they escape.

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