What is a Deep Chemical Peel?

Acne should not be treated with deep chemical peels.

Many different types of facial scrubs are available for people looking for healthier, younger-looking skin. A deep chemical peel is a type of treatment that involves heavy, acidic chemicals that intentionally cause damage to the skin, forcing the skin to heal and renew its surface. The treatment is used to remedy existing damage, such as scars and deep wrinkles.

A deep chemical peel, which can take anywhere from half an hour to 2 hours to complete, should be performed by a professional.

Acetone, phenol and trichloroacetic acid are some of the chemicals that a deep chemical peel can contain. The ingredients cause a controlled chemical burn of the top layer of the skin. As the wounds heal, the skin’s surface renews itself, resulting in a smoother appearance.

The procedure, known as the strongest form of facial peel, can be performed on the entire face or on isolated, spot areas, such as around the lips. A full professional chemical peel is usually performed after or before another separate operation, such as eyelid surgery or a facelift. The treatment is considered too dangerous to be performed around the eyes.

Salicylic acid in chemical peels can be derived from willow bark.

Fine lines, freckles, liver spots, and other skin discolorations can be treated with a chemical peel with salicylic acid. Sun damage, particularly precancerous patches, can be largely or completely removed with treatment. Old scars can also be treated with whitening.

People with mild wrinkles or few skin problems are not considered candidates for a deep chemical peel. Minor wrinkles and acne should not be treated with a deep chemical peel; instead, a light chemical peel can be used. To qualify for the procedure, the skin must be badly damaged. For those who qualify, deep chemical peels cannot be performed too often, as overuse of the procedure can cause severe damage to the skin. Regulations for chemical peeling procedures vary by location.

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A deep chemical peel intentionally damages the skin, forcing it to heal and renew its surface.

Also known as a phenol peel, this procedure takes anywhere from half an hour to two hours to complete, depending on the amount of surface to be treated. The acid solution is applied to the selected area. Eyes, lips and eyebrows should be avoided for proper chemical peel safety. During this application, a burning sensation may occur.

After the deep chemical peel itself, water is applied to neutralize the acid on the face. After a waiting period, the Vaseline is coated on the face, ensuring the safety of the healing crust that develops over the burn. The gelatin, or masking tape, stays in place for up to two days. Medication is usually prescribed for any pain resulting from treatment.

A new pink skin starts to form in a few days. The pink, which resembles a sunburn, disappears later. Swelling, sensitive skin and sensitivity to light are common. Patients should stay out of the sun after application, as well as use sunscreen regularly once they are completely healed. Patients can usually resume normal work and activities within two weeks.

The effects of chemical peeling can be very dangerous. People with heart problems should avoid this beauty procedure, as the peeling agents can cause cardiac arrhythmias. For herpes patients, herpes outbreaks can be triggered by this peeling, resulting in permanent scarring. The cost of a deep chemical peel is also considered to be much more expensive than a typical facial peel.

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